But some also fear that the compromises needed to stop the process from collapsing could mean forgetting past crimes or even elevating those who ordered or encouraged them.
"They killed anyone who refused to cooperate with them. They left neither children nor wives. They left no one, "said Mabrouka Saleh Abu Kleish, 76, describing the tyranny of a group, named after the local Kani family, who killed her brother and two sons.
Families of the dead and missing gather every Saturday at the town's main roundabout, where many buildings are still standing.damaged by the war and in need of a fuller investigation and bolder efforts to bring the killers to justice.
Not far from there, workers in white contamination coveralls are still discovering bodies of Le sol rouge de Tarhouna, with 203 bodies found and 52 identified. Townspeople have filed 375 missing person reports so far.
Usama al-Suwaih, an engineering professor, was among the Some protestors. He said the Kaniyat seized his brother in a Tripoli prison in 2013, took him back to Tarhouna and summarily executed him in his prison clothes.
Two years later, the militia shot at his family's house with a tank, killing his father, he said. His part of the family fled, unable to return until the Kaniyat left last summer. But in the meantime, three of thesebrothers, two uncles and two cousins were killed by the group, Suwaih said. One of them was accused of failing to offer condolences to the Kaniyat following the death of a family.
"Ce What made matters worse was the discovery of mass graves in a landfill, which is still functioning, "he said.
Since the 2011 NATO-backed Uprising that overthrew Muammar Gaddafi, most of Libya has been held by groups armed forces that control territory, economic institutions and criminal rackets, sometimes alternating between warring parties to the conflict.
In recent years, the Kaniyat have been allied with the Libyan National Army (LNA) of Khalifa Haftar, and after the fall of Tarhouna - about 65 km (40 miles) southeast of the capital Tripoli - in June 2020, they wereare withdrawn with him to the east of the country.
Haftar's military defeat sparked Libya's last peace effort, which includes a ceasefire -fire alongside an interim unity government and a push for national elections in December.
The Governor The government of National Unity in Tripoli is working with the state prosecutor and UN investigators, but families in Tarhouna say progress in identifying the remains is slow. Despite the arrest warrants, the perpetrators are beyond their reach.
Although Kaniyat leader Mohammed al-Kani was shot dead in July in Benghazi by an LNA unit, UN investigators have said, most of his comrades are still at large and analysts said they were in the east under the protection of the LNA.
A door- LNA's speech was not immediately available to comment on the status of the militia in the east, and no official has made a public comment on Kani's murder.
Meanwhile, ANL leader Haftar, who is considered by some residents of Tarhouna to be ultimately responsible for the final years of Kaniyat 's bloody reign, said that He was planning to run for president.
This is an eventuality that Abu Kleish cannot tolerate - showing how a peace process who held prominent warlords to hold on to power can do little to heal the
"S ' they install Haftar as president, he will put all the Libyan people in mass graves, "she said.
Suwaih and some other residents of Tarhouna fear that the focus on Haftar will distract from theattention of the Kaniyat militia and means that the crimes it committed before its alliance with the ANL will be ruled out.
However, it is excited about the prospect of parliamentary elections - a prospect still uncertain as factions vie for the rules - as a way to replace a political class he says has turned a blind eye to abuse.
"The elections will do justice to the Tarhouna affair ", he declared. Report from the Hfrance.fr press room Libya, written by Angus McDowall, edited by Mark Heinrich
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