KABOUL, July 22 (Hfrance.fr) - Under the shock of an increase in losses on the battlefield, the Afghan army is reviewing its war strategy against the Taliban to concentrate its forces around the most critical areas of areas like Kabul and other cities, posts and vital infrastructure, according to Afghan officials and Americans.
The po strategylitically perilous will inevitably cede territory to the Taliban insurgents. But officials say it appears to be a military necessity as overburdened Afghan troops try to prevent the loss of provincial capitals, which could deeply fracture the country.
Consolidation of forces, which has been publicly acknowledged but has not been reported in as much detail before, coincides with the US military withdrawal before the official end of the military mission on August 31, by order of the President Joe Biden.
Taliban insurgents take control of more and more territory, which the Pentagon estimated on Wednesday to expand to more than half half of the Afghan district centers. The Taliban are also putting pressure on the outskirts of half of the provincial capitals, trying to isolate them.
United States.intelligence assessments have warned that the Afghan government could fall in as little as six months, US officials told Hfrance.fr.
Afghan official , speaking on condition of anonymity, said the "reorientation " of troops would help Kabul retain strategic territory and defend infrastructure, including a dam built with the help of the 'India, and the main highways.
But consolidating the troops also means leaving other areas unattended, which is difficult for sale to Afghan communities or ethnic groups who will feel abandoned to the Taliban.
"How do you communicate this to an audience that has been nervous - and naturally so - in the last few weeks when the Taliban have taken over districts? "the Afghan official asked. "Because much of this reorientation would involve, at least in the short term, the Taliban filling the void we are leaving behind.
US Army General Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the strategy would involve "abandoning the centers district ”to protect larger population centers, such as the capital Kabul. He said the Taliban appeared to have "strategic momentum." "
" There is a possibility of a complete takeover by the Taliban or a possibility of a number of others scenarios "Milley said at a press conference on Wednesday, adding: " I don't think the end of the game is written yet. "
US Navy General Kenneth McKenzie, commander of US Central Command, which oversees the forcesforces in Afghanistan and support for the Afghans military, said that after being briefed on the plan this month, the Afghans knew they had to choose their battles.
" You can't defend everything. If you defend everywhere you don't defend anywhere. So I think the Afghans are realizing that they need to consolidate "McKenzie said, without providing details.
He noted US concerns for several years over how Afghan forces were operating checkpoints, including in areas remote or hostile who are particularly vulnerable or have little strategic value.
"So I think they are now in the process of recognizing that you have to step back, you have to consolidate, you have to stand up for these areas that are absolutely critical, ”McKenzie said.
The Afghan Ministry of Defense did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The Taliban 's rapid territorial gains shake the Afghans just as the United States withdraws from a war that succeeded in punishing al Qaeda following its September 11, 2001 attacks on New York and Washington, but no has brought nothing close to peace for Afghanistan.
Biden has pledged to provide financial assistance to Afghan forces and to redouble their efforts. 'diplomatic efforts to revive stalled peace talks.
But the Taliban did not respond to calls from 15 diplomatic missions and the representative of NATO in Afghanistan on Monday to stop their military offensives. The insurgents and the Afghan government also failed to agree on a ceasefire during vacancy talks in Doha.This week's Eid s.
In the past, the Taliban have called for short ceasefires for Eid, claiming they wanted to let the Afghans spend it in peace.
US military officials believe the Taliban are seeking to end the war with victory on the battlefield, rather than at the negotiating table.
For years, the US military has tried to drive Afghan troops away from remote checkpoints - static positions that can easily be overrun by Taliban forces.
"Maintaining this breakdown, every district is a sacred state of mind will simply lead to more losses " said Jason Campbell, a former official from the Pentagon now to RAND Corporation.
" This is just not sustainable. "
Reorganizing the troops will, in some cases, require the construction of new fortifications and the creation of new combinations of forces, the Afghan official said.
But it will also demand that the Afghans change their minds about what They can do to respond to Taliban onslaught and skirmishes, as their air force stretches and US support dwindles.
Equally difficult for Kab ul explains the strategy of the battlefield in a way that does not offend any of the ethnic groups in Afghanistan, which include the Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and Uzbeks. Not all areas will receive the same level of protection.
More than a quarter of a million Afghans have been forced to leave their homes. focus this year, according to the NationsUnited. Reporting by Phil Stewart in Kabul and Washington and Idrees Ali in Washington; Additional reporting by Charlotte Greenfield in Kabul; Edited by Mary Milliken and Grant McCool
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