Almost two-thirds of Australians believe life has gotten worse during the pandemic, more than half of them feeling negative for the future - a significant jump from the first wave of infections in 2020, a new survey suggests.
The results are contained in a biennial report on the well-being of the nation, published by the Australian Institute of Health and well-being ( AIHW) Thursday.
Average life satisfaction has declined significantly over the first few stages of the pandemic, going from 6.9 out of 10 in January 2020 to 6.5 in April 2020,ue the report.
It increased on May 20, 20 to 6.8, as the locks eased. By January 2021, the average level of life satisfaction had returned to pre-pandemic levels. But in August, life satisfaction fell to 6.5 again as containment measures were in place in some jurisdictions.
The AIHW report previously found that life satisfaction was stable in Australia.
The life satisfaction results were informed by the results of 'an Australian National University survey called ANUPoll, which interviewed 3,135 people between August 11 and 23 of this year. The survey coincided with 13 million people locked up across the country.
People polled in August 2021 were more likely to say they felt negative for the future thatThey were not in May 2020 (56.1% vs. 39.9%).
There was also a statistically significant increase in the proportion of people who felt more stressed compared to when the survey was conducted in 2020 (from 47% to 55.1%).
" When respondents were asked to reflect on their own lives, things seemed to have gotten worse since May 2020, "the survey revealed.
"In May 2020, about half of Australians thought their lives had gotten worse (51.3%), including 6.5% who thought it had gotten worse. In August 2021, almost two-thirds of Australians thought their life had deteriorated (65.7%), including 17% who thought it had gotten worse. "
Co- L Author of the ANUPoll's findings, Professor Nicholas Biddle, said recent restrictions and blockages have led to a worseningpsychological distress and increased loneliness.
“NSW in general and Sydney in particular have seen the worst of the change, but many other parts of the country have been affected as well,” said Biddle .
There was an increase in anxiety and worry for those living outside New South Wales, which rose from 48.5% in April 2021 to 56% in August. NSW worries rose from 50.7% to 67.9% during the same period.
Fears of being infected with Covid have almost nationally tripled, reaching 30.8% in August 2021.
There has also been a sharp decline in trust in state governments and territories, from 67.2% who expressed confidence in April 2021 to 62.1% in August. Meanwhile, 45.4% said they had "a lot" or "a lot" of confidence in the federal government in April, which fellto 40.6% in August.
"This is a significant drop ... and well below the peak of 60.6% observed in May 2020, ”the survey revealed.
The AIHW report also analyzed projections from the Center for Population and found future population growth. is expected to slow over the next few years, from 1.3% last seen in 2019-2020 to 0.1% in 2020-2021 and 0.2% in 2021-2022. This is the lowest level since 0% growth was recorded in 1916-1917. The population is expected to reach 29 0.1m by mid-2032.
Australia has experienced, and is expected to continue to experience, a net outflow of people - down from an influx of 195,200 people in 2019 -20 to around -97,000 people by the end of 2020-2021 and -77,000 people in 2021-2022, before dropping to 235,000 people in 2024-2025.
The synthetic fertility indexAustralia 's size also declined, from 1.87 babies per woman in 1989-90 to 1.65 in 2019-2020. It was assumed to drop to 1.58 babies per woman in 2021-2022 before increasing in subsequent years and stabilize by 2030-2031 at 1.62 babies per woman.
The report also looked at house prices, which were briefly held back by the 2020 recession. In the first quarter of 2021, however, prices were rising at the fastest quarterly rate since 2009 despite high unemployment, historically low wage growth and population growth more than
"Two out of five households are in a situation of stress linked to housing, ”the report says. “One in three unemployed is long-term unemployed. In April 2021, the long-term unemployed represented 33.5% of all unemployed, a level not seen since the 1990s. "
- Inion receive an e-mail with the best stories from Guardian Australia every morning
Social spending rose 12% to $ 195.7 billion between 2018- 2019 and 2019-2020 due to economic measures introduced by the federal government in response to the pandemic, such as job retention.
Over the years 12 months to June 2021, the number of income assistance recipients increased from 5.8 million to 5.4 million, reflecting the easing of restrictions. However, the number of beneficiaries in June 2021 was still 7.4% higher than in March 2020.
The report concluded that the surge in prices of real estate would increase the wealth of living. It was "essentially the product of a policy ", like government subsidiesfederal government to home buyers and builders, rather than just the result of market forces, the report says.
"These appear to have handed over the Australia on its pre-2020 housing market trajectory. This is a path which, through its effect of widening the wealth gap between landlords and tenants, is a major contributor to the growing inequality of wealth which itself poses a substantial political challenge to both levels of government. "