The Transition to Electric Cars
And Volvo, the Swedish manufacturer, predicts that by 2025 , 25% of its plastics will be biobased or made from recycled materials. In addition, it seeks to reduce its carbon footprint by 40% in four years, compared to 2018, and achieve climate neutral manufacturing by then.
" We had to switch suppliers when they could not meet our recycling standards, "said Anders Karrberg, head of global sustainability at Volvo.
Ford Motor expects that by 2035, half of its plastics will come from recycled or renewable materials, and that the company will be completely carbon neutral by 2050.
In addition to recycled ls and plastics, manufacturers are exploring the use of materials that have never been considered viablefor parts vehicles. Image Ford has introduced coffee straw headlight housings, the unusable skin of roasted beans, which it buys from McDonald 's. Credit ... Ford engine
Ford, in partnership with HP, the manufacturer of the printer, uses used powders from 3D printers to create injection-molded fuel line clips on trucks F-250. She identified 10 other pieces that could be made from this material.
The company also has a partnership with Jose Cuervo, the tequila distiller, to use the Agave fiber plants to strengthen the mechanisms of the windows. And at the endLast year, he introduced the use of headlight housings made from coffee straw, the unusable skin of roasted beans, which he buys from McDonald 's. The result: a case with better heat deflection, said Deborah Mielewski, Ford technical manager for sustainability.
The company plans to 'use orange and potato peels discarded by McDonald ' s to make the plastic parts stronger, said Dr Mielewski. And he explores the use of nylon fishing nets, which are often used in the sea for only a few weeks, to strengthen parts.
" I hate plastic, "Dr. Mielewski said. "I am always worried about its impact on the environment.
As much of the world devours, then throws, bottles of 'water for single usethat, automakers have found innovative ways to use them in manufacturing.
In markets outside the United States and Canada, the material of Seats available in Audi's new A3 compact sedan and its upcoming Q4 electric vehicle are made from recycled 1.5-liter PET bottles. For the A3, 45 bottles are used, crushed to create a pellet which is transformed into a polyester yarn, representing 89% of the seat material.
GM is also studying the use of PET water bottles that can be turned into fabrics, especially carpets. It already converts recycled PET plastic for wheel arch coverings and uses other recycled plastics for license plate and radio holders. Image The new electric Hummer will be leatherless, using man-made fibers for the seats as well as the carpet and headliner. Credit ... General Motors
Even Ricardo Montalban's quintessential definition of automotive luxury, leather seats, comes under scrutiny.
Audi 's new E-tron GT premium electric vehicle will feature a black design package that uses Dinamica, a suede-like microfiber, for the seats. GM's new electric Hummer will use man-made fibers for carpets, seats and headliner.
Polestar, Volvo's luxury electric sub-brand , uses a material she calls WeaveTech instead of leather. It is derived from PVCand looks like the material of wetsuits. The company's goal is to make all of its interior materials from sources that include recycled PET bottles, said Fredrika Klaren, Sustainability Manager at Polestar.
Ms. Klaren believes customers will find WeaveTech as luxurious as leather. "If you make the material beautiful, you will make it acceptable to the buyer " she said.
Despite its high price, the “Hummer will be leatherless,” Ms. Widrick said. “We will use imitation leather with a technical, reproducible and non-organic grain. And Ford is studying a wide variety of leather substitutes, Dr. Mielewski said.
Lenzing, an Austrian company, creates fibers from trees grown in sustainable forests and provides supplies to Range Rover for seats in its Evoque. She is also working on projects with Audi and Volvo, creating a "sustainable luxury" woven material as a substitute for leather, said Georg Spindler, the company's specialist applications manager.
Still, using the right materials isn't the whole battle. When a vehicle comes to the end of its life, recycling sustainable products can always be a challenge.
BMW designs vehicles with a reduced number of components more big to make recycling easier. Polest ar wants to make sure that the foam, which would make recycling difficult, does not stick to its textiles.
And although it does not Not an immediate problem, automakers are figuring out how to eventually recycle what will become millions of electric vehicle batteries and their manufacturing scrap. In May, G.M. announced that it and LG Energy Solutionwill invest $ 2.3 billion to recycle battery materials including cobalt, nickel, lithium, graphite, copper, manganese and aluminum, with 95% of materials available for new battery production . The process emits 30% less greenhouse gases than standard methods.
And Audi is working with a German-Indian company to use recycled batteries in order to to provide green energy to rural India. villages.
"These things make sense for mankind to do," said Dr Mielewski.