A long-awaited review intended to shed light on the lobbying scandal unleashed by David Cameron has completed its initial survey . Here are the answers to the key questions:
After passing most of his time since leaving Downing Street out of the spotlight, the former prime minister David Cameron was this spring when it emerged that he had been lobbying for a company called Greensill Capital.
He made multiple direct representations to senior ministers, including Chancellor Rishi Sunak, and officials - trying to get the lender special access to hundreds of thousands of pounds in emergency Covid loans, before he 'it did collapse later.
It was also revealed that the the government had granted to the businessman behind - Lex Greensill - a role of " senior advisor ”in No10 . Further concerns were raised when one of Britain's top officials, Bill Crothers, turned out to have advised Greensill while he was still being used for Whitehall - and it was even approved by the Cabinet Office.
An independent investigation was opened in April to examine Cameron's actions and s " 'there was evidence of wrongdoing on his part or from people he quietly tried to influence.
Corporate lawyer Nigel Boardman, 70, was named head of the inquiry that ended on Thursday.
A few eyebrows were raised when Boardman was in charge of the journal, given his connections to the world of finance and politics.
He was a long-time partner at the international law firm Slaughter and May, a post he leftin 2019, although he continued to be a senior consultant there. The company was deeply connected with the coronavirus loan program that Cameron sought access on behalf of Greensill Capital.
Boardman is also the son of a former Conservative cabinet minister, a former Conservative Party local council candidate, and was a non-executive director of the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.
Some senior lawyers have stood up for Boardman 's integrity, claiming that he was extremely qualified and that he would find out the truth, whatever it was - well that admitted they feared that some embarrassing issues be left outterms of reference .
Boardman 'The report states that Lex Greensill, owner of Greensill Capital, has been granted' extraordinarily privileged 'access to Downing Street, while the government lobbying process has proved insufficiently transparent being given that he allows access to the "privileged few".
Cameron also "underestimated " the nature of his relationship with Greensill when He lobbied officials, the report added, also concluding that former cabinet secretary Jeremy Heywood was "primarily responsible " for Lex Green will always secure a role in government as as advising on supply chain finance.
However, while the lobbying rule system could be improved, the current rules "have done well. functioned, "Boardman said, adding that lobbying was" essential to the proper functioning of democracy "and that Cameron had not broken any rules or laws.
Part 2 of its review will flesh out its recommended changes to the rule system, but its release date has yet to be confirmed.
What has been the reaction?
Since Boardman's report avoided direct criticism of ministers and advisers who were pressured by Cameron and Greensill, the deputy chief Labor, Angela Rayner, called it "the classic Boris Johnson cover-up and money laundering to protect the government.
Heywood's widow, Suzanne, said the results were a "practical entertainment " from the embarrassment "that the collapse of Greensill Capital had caused the government, and said Boardman's workwas the result of a "deeply flawed process from start to finish " which ended up "scapegoat " for her late husband.
Cameron said he was "happy that the report provides further confirmation that I haven't broken any rules," but admitted there should be "more formal lines of communication" for lobbying.