Digital photography has democratized the medium. More and more people are taking more pictures than ever and share them online with friends and family in record numbers.It's easy to blame the camera (or your smartphone) if your images aren't as beautiful as others you see. online, but by following a few guidelines, you can improve the quality of your snapshots, without having to shell out a lot of money for a new one camera . Keep these 10 simple tips in mind the next time you go out to capture the world around you. And if you have any tips that have helped you take better photos, please share them in the comments section.
1 . Get basic composition down
Use the rule of thirds to learn how to compose pictures (Photo: Jim Fisher)
The heart of a photograph is its composition - the position of different elements in a frame. The simplest rule of thumb to learn and remember is the Rule of Thirds . Basically you will want to
2. Adjust the exposure compensation
As long as you are not shooting in full manual mode, your digital camera makes decisions that determine a photo's exposure - in English, how light or In general, a camera looks at a scene and tries to determine the appropriate exposure based on of the correct lighting of a gray card, that is why there are special scene modes for snow - without them the camera will testwould make snow-white gray.
If a photo is too light or too dark, you can either cycle through the dozens of scene modes available in modern cameras, or just dial in a little bit of compensation. 'exposure. Many cameras have a physical button or dial for this, identified by a +/- symbol. If your photo is too dark, move the scale up above zero; if it's too light, move it down a bit.
3. Choose the right shooting mode
Your camera is likely to have dozens of mod ode shots, ranging from fully automatic operation to scene modes very specific. If you're shooting fast action, you can put the camera in Shutter Priority mode ( "S " or "Tv ") and increase the speed at which a photo is taken by setting it to 1/125 second or plUs fast will help freeze the action, and for really fast subjects (like the hummingbird below), use as short a speed as possible to freeze motion, or a longer speed to add motion blur to the wings that beat.
Use shutter priority to freeze moving subjects (Photo: Jim Fisher)
In in low light conditions, you can use Aperture Priority mode ( "A " or "Av ") to make sure that as much light is entering the lens as possible, or if you shoot ripod landscapes, you can close the lens iris to increase depth of field, keeping everything in focusfrom the foreground to the horizon. If you're a DSLR shooter, you're more likely to use A or S modes, while point-and-shoot cameras will often offer more specific modes that cater for activities like sports, shooting, and shooting. use in low light or landscape shooting.
4. Think about lighting
Pay attention to how much light you have and where it is coming from when taking your photos. If you are shooting outdoors, be careful not to take pictures of a person when the sun is behind their back, unless you want to take a portrait with dramatic lens flare (be sure to adjust the 'EV positive if you do). If you're taking a photo in front of a monument or landmark and want to make sure it's not overexposed, use a fill-in flash instead to make your backlit subject as bright.x as the background. You may need to manually turn on the flash, as there is a good chance the camera will think it is unnecessary in good weather.
5. Use your Flash wisely
Use fill-in flash for backlit subjects (Photo: Jim Fisher)
Many photos were foiled by flash firing too close to a subject. If your friends and family look like Casper the Friendly Ghost when you photograph them, chances are you are too close when shooting. If you need to activate the flash, move back a little and zoom in to get the correct framing.things are still too bright or too dark, check and see if flash compensation is an option. Many cameras allow you to adjust the flash output, which can help add better balance to your flash-assisted photos. Adding a little light helps fill in the shadows, resulting in a more natural picture.
6. Change your perspective
Most snipers and beginners will stand on two legs and take shots at eye level. While this is suitable for many images, it is not always ideal. If you have a camera with a tilting screen, you can more easily take low-angle or high-angle photos to get a different perspective on your subject.
Approach the ground when photographing pets (Photo: Jim Fisher)
If you don't have a tilting LCD screen, consider lowering yourself to the ground for the best photos of pets and toddlers - you'll want the camera to be at their eye level to get a picture that stands out. pay for each shot with a digital camera, so play around with different camera angles and positions until you find one that captures a moment and stands out from the crowd.
7. Monitor your white balance
Your camera will try to automatically adjust the white balance according to the type of light you are shooting in. Different lightsThese project different kinds of colors: sunlight is very blue, tungsten lighting is yellow, and fluorescence is a little green. In many cases, the camera will automatically detect what type of lighting you are in and adjust the color of the photos to make them look natural.
Set your white balance correctly (Photo: Jim Fisher)
But when the white balance is not correct, you can get results as you see above: the left image is properly balanced and the one if you are shooting in mixed lighting or the camera has difficulty in seeing it.Understand, you can adjust the white balance manually. On most points and shots you'll have to dive into the shooting menu to adjust this, but many SLRs have a dedicated white balance button, often labeled "WB ". You can correct the color in the included Mac or Windows photo editing apps later, but you'll get better photos if you get the right white balance in the first place.
8. Use a tripod or monopod
Sometimes the best way to get a perfect shot is to take a little extra time. Using a tripod will allow you to set up the framing and can be useful, along with your camera's self-timer, for taking that shot of you and the kids in front of Mount Rushmore. You can get by with a cheap tripod if you're a point-and-shoot user, even if you're spending alittle more for a brand like Manfrotto or MeFoto will result much less frustration than with the low-priced brands you find at local dimes and dimes. Owners of mirrorless systems and SLRs should definitely choose a tripod carefully, as a set of feet and head that are sturdy enough to hold the camera is essential.
Peak Design Travel Tripod (Photo: Jim Fisher)
If you are more of a run shooter -and-gun, a monopode - which looks like a tripod with two of its legs missing - will help stabilize your shots. Ideal for use in zoos and sporting events, a monopod is complemented by your two legs to add stability to your camera, without the sometimes tedious setup and breakdown required with a good tripod.
9. Be Selective
It's easy to take hundreds of photos in a matter of hours when shooting digitally. But don't just empty your memory card and upload all the images to Facebook. You should spend some time going through your photos in order to eliminate redundant shots and discard photos that may be blurry or poorly composed. It is better to post a few dozen great photos on their own rather than the same good photos hidden among hundreds of less good ones.es.
10. Don't forget to post-process
Consider using software to organize and edit your photos. Apple Photos and Microsoft Photos support basic organization, as well as a number of editing tools. If you're more of a phone editor, check out VSCO or Snapseed. Performing very basic edits on a photo can help improve its quality considerably. Cropping a bit can help with composition, and you can also rotate a photo so that the horizon lines are straight. Getting perfect photos in the camera is a noble goal; it 's okay to do some retouching.
When you're ready to do even more with your photos, read our 10 Photography Tips Beyond The Basics . We also have tutorials to help you capture images from lightning and fireworks .
If you are in the market for a new camera, check out our camera section for the latest reviews, and the best digital cameras for the best cameras we've tested.
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