The activists pFor the climate fear that an influx of officers from elsewhere in the UK will undermine Police Scotland's commitment to rights-based policing of protests at Cop26.
Groups planning protests around the critical November conference told the Guardian they were concerned about the presence of officers from forces known to use them brutal tactics and it is not clear how they will be considered for their behavior.
Quan Nguyen, the Scottish coordinator of the activist group Cop26 Coalition, said a major concern was that the English forces were already implicitly enforcing the Police and Crime Bill - widely condemn ned as a significant infringement of the right todemonstrate.
"Officers approaching Glasgow will bring this mentality that any kind of protest or disturbance must be interrupted as quickly as possible, ”Nguyen said. "The Scottish Police, outnumbered by thousands of officers from elsewhere, have said they will respect people's rights to protest, but have indicated they will not tolerate any real disruption. "
Around 10,000 officers, recruited from across Scotland and the rest of the UK, will be deployed daily on Operation Urram - named using the Scottish Gaelic word for "respect ". Although senior Scottish Police officers have sought to reassure activists that their approach to the protests will be " welcoming, friendly and proportionate Silver Commander Ch Supt Mark Hargreaves said this week that there would be a "low tolerance " for highway disruption .
Nguyen said: " Scottish police must also show that they understand the need to protest at an important international moment like Cop26, which is expected to be the least inclusive and least transparent history. Many of the most damaging outcomes have been averted by large-scale protests inside and outside of previous cop conferences. "
Campaigners also raised concerns about the scrutiny of plans to maintaintidy. Naomi McAuliffe, Scotland Program Director at Amnesty International UK said: Flic26. However, to ensure accountability, there should be a strong process in place to measure the police against human rights standards.
Amnesty "strongly recommends " that all involved in the protest police consider the Police Surveillance Network (Netpol) charter for freedom of assembly , which builds on existing human rights law to define a comprehensive set of standards. This was submitted to the Cop26 Independent Police Advisory Group (IAG) this week.
Netpol's Kat Hobbs said she was concerned that the charter not directly approached by the Scottish Police. during a meeting. "For the AGI to havea meaningful objective, he must be able to review police decisions and hold officers accountable. Are the Scottish Police ready to do more than a public relations exercise?
"We would like to know what 'based on human rights? 'human' means in practice and how they plan to protect the rights of the persons referred to in Articles 10 and 11, since they have a positive obligation under human rights law to protect those persons. here, not just to facilitate them. "
Responding to concerns, Police Scotland Deputy Chief Bernard Higgins said: " All officers in mutual aid be under the command and control of the Scottish Police Chief of Police and receive detailed information on a style and tone of policing which will be friendly, fair, approachable and accommodating. "
He added:" We will provide a proportionate police response to any demonstration and we are already engaging with known protest groups to ensure their rights to peaceful assembly and demonstration are respected.
"Those who wish to protest have the responsibility to do so peacefully and I remind the small minority of people who may have the intention of n violent or damaging disorders which we will deal with quickly and vigorously. ”