Airlines and shipping companies have failed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and must make new commitments on climate crisis as world braces for come together for a critical climate summit, the UN secretary-general urged.
Antonio Guterres called current efforts inadequate and warned that 'they would lead to catastrophic global warming.
He said on Thursday to the World Conference on Sustainable Transport: “Let's be honest. While member states [of the UN] have taken initial steps through the International Civil Aviation Organization and the International Maritime Organization to tackle emissions from transportt maritime and aviation, current commitments are not aligned with target 1.5C of the Paris Agreement. In fact, they are more consistent with warming well above 3C. "
World leaders and governments around the world will meet in Glasgow from the 31st October for a fortnight summit crunch, called Cop26 , on the climate crisis. Representatives from the aviation and transport sectors will be in attendance, but international transport has largely escaped scrutiny at previous United Nations conferences, because they were excluded from long-standing discussions almost three decades ago.
Aviation and shipping each account for around 3% of global emissions greenhouse gas emissions, and this share is increasing.major technological difficulties in decarbonization, such as planes currently need high density fuel and ships use dirty forms of heavy oil .
Guterres is determined that industries are not not allowed to evade global greenhouse gas reduction obligations. more ambitious and credible goals that are truly consistent with the goals of the Paris Agreement must be an urgent priority for these two bodies [ICAO and IMO] in the months and years to come .
He called for zero-emission ships to be on the market by 2030 and to be the default choice for all companies, in order to reach zeroo Emission in the shipping sector by 2050. Airlines must also start using sustainable aviation fuels now, he said, to reduce carbon emissions per passenger by 65% d 'here 2050.
The activists have long called for reducing emissions from shipping and aviation . Faïg Abbasov, director of maritime transport at the Transport and Environment think tank, said: “Antonio Guterres is right. International action on shipping and aviation has been pitiful to date. We must stop relying on ineffective IMO and ICAO and demand that states take responsibility for all their emissions. This is what they signed in the Paris agreement. Regional bodies like the EU have shown that states havemany tools to tackle these emissions at the national level, such as fuel mandates and carbon pricing. It's time to use them. "
ICAO has been criticized for its targets, a 2% annual fuel efficiency improvement and an emissions offset program carbon known as Corsia (carbon offset and reduction program for international aviation) .
IMO agreed in 2018 to reduce halving greenhouse gas emissions from shipping by 2050, compared to 2008 levels. The organization, a branch of the UN, is working to strengthen its commitments by now 2023 and could introduce interim measures, including incentives to research alternative fuels and other techinnovative technologies.
An IMO spokesperson told the Guardian: “The IMO has adopted the first mandatory efficiency measures for the international shipping in 2011 and has continued to work to tackle GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions while seeking to ensure that no country is left behind on this journey. IMO regulations are not just verbal commitments. These are binding energy efficiency requirements - applied globally on ships operating around the world.
She added: "International shipping is a vital sector that sustains global trade. There is no doubt that maritime transport must be sustainable and we must continue to work towards common objectives and together ensure the stabilization of the environment by accelerating the decarbonization of the maritime sector.me. "
Guy Platten, Secretary General of the International Chamber of Shipping, said:" The shipping industry fully agrees that that IMO member states need to push for tighter emissions cuts across the sector. This is why we propose a roadmap on how maritime transport can achieve zero net carbon emissions by 2050, doubling the existing IMO target. "
A The ICAO spokesperson told the Guardian: "The targets [on emissions] represent what 193 interested sovereign countries have collectively agreed to adopt in reduction of emissions, and are particularly relevant to their international legal commitments in air transport.established and funded by these same governments to support this decision-making with expert advice, but the final decisions on the standards, goals and policies made here are always their collective diplomatic outcome. "