Towards a sustainable future
According to the United Nations, "Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromise the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. "Sustainable development involves meeting the basic needs of all and aims to give all opportunities to meet their aspirations to lead a better and healthy life.
Concept of sustainable development
Our standard of living must be in line with the limit of the world's ecological resources. However, many of us live beyond that and have little regard for long-term sustainability. Economic growth and development must be commensurate with the limits of ecology and the environment. It is widely required by sustainable development.
Sustainable development requires fixing limits in terms of population or use of resources beyond which the disaster liesecological. He warns each of us against going beyond the ultimate limits of the natural system, otherwise we face dire consequences. It is also necessary that long before humanity crosses these limits, the world must ensure equitable access to the constrained resource and use technology for this purpose.
Economic growth and development obviously involves changes in the physical ecosystem. However, it should not cross the boundaries of regeneration and natural growth. For example, renewable resources such as forests and fish stocks should not be depleted provided the rate of use is within the limits of regeneration and natural growth.
Sustainable development requires that the rate of depletion of non-renewable resources should exclude as few as possible future options. It requires a flourishing biodiversity and, bytherefore, it guarantees the conservation of plant and animal species. It also vouches for a type of development where negative impacts on the quality of air, water and other natural elements are minimized in order to maintain the overall integrity of the land. 'ecosystem.
Sustainable development is a process of healthy change in which the use of resources, investment, orientation of technological development and institutional changes are all harmonized with and enhance the potential present and future to meet human needs and aspirations.
17 new United Nations development goals for 2030
Eradicate poverty in all its forms, everywhere
End hunger, achieve food security and improve nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
Ensure healthy lives and promote well- to be from all toall ages
Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
Ensure the availability and sustainable management of water and water 'sanitation for all
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
Promote sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and encourage innovation
Reducing inequalities within and between countries
Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
Takeurgent measures to fight against climate change and its impact
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
Protect, restore and promote the sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, stop and reverse land degradation, and halt biodiversity loss
Promote Peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the world partnership for sustainable development
The new goals replace the eight Millennium Development Goals adopted during summit in 2000, which expired at the end of 2015.
Environmental education is a multidisciplinary field integrating disciplines such as biology, chemistry, physics, ecology, earth sciences, atmospheric sciences, mathematics and geography.
Environmental education (EE) aims to increase awareness and knowledge about different aspects of the environment as well as the main environmental issues facing the world today. It also sensitizes the masses with special emphasis on educators, volunteers, young people and women to promote the conservation of nature and its resources.
It develops and makes way for the implementation of innovative, regional projects - specific educational programs and materials for conservation education and sensitizes children to the environment. It includes all efforts to educate the greatpublic awareness of environmental challenges through the media and print materials.
UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) emphasizes role of EE in safeguarding global future the evolution of the societal quality of life (QOL), through the protection of the environment, the eradication of poverty, the minimization of inequalities and the assurance of sustainable development.
Today, environmental education has become one of the most popular academics to study around the world. There are special institutions around the world to provide graduate degrees in environmental education.
Life Cycle Assessment
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a tool used to assess the potential environmental impact of product systems or services at all stages of their life cycle, i.e. the extraction of maraw materials, manufacture or treatment, storage, distribution, use and its disposal or recycling.
In other words, LCA is a technique for assessing potential environmental and other aspects associated with a product or service by
Compilation of an inventory of inputs and outputs
Assessment of the potential environmental impact linked to these inputs and outputs
Interpretation of assessment results
LCA is therefore a cradle-to-grave assessment the production system and its likely environmental impacts. It has become a valuable decision support tool for policy makers and industry in the origin-to-impact assessment of a product or process.
The LCA methodology has been widely developed over the past decade. Furthermore,a number of LCA related standards (ISO 14040-14043) and technical reports have been published within the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) to streamline the methodology.
Here is the representation of the LCA process.
The overall goal of LCA is to identify changes, at each stage of the cycle life of a product or process, which can be beneficial to the environment and be profitable.
Low Carbon Lifestyle
Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is a vital constituent of the Earth's atmosphere. It is a major greenhouse gas and plays an essential role in regulating the Earth's surface temperature. Carbon dioxide is an integral part of the carbon cycle, which is a biogeochemical cycle in which carbon is exchanged between the oceans of the land, soil, rocks and the biosphere.
The carbon content of the dry air is about 0.01 percent.When such a percentage the age is greatly increased by thes anthropogenic or man-made activities, the air is polluted. CO 2 is one of the main greenhouse gases that have contributed to the severity of air pollution and global warming in recent times.
Human activities such as automobile population growth, industries and electricity consumption etc. emit a large amount of carbon into the atmosphere. Because the great dependence of humanity vis-à-vis natural resources and its reckless exploitation, has slowly but gradually wither away the green cover of the earth.
A carbon footprint is the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere as a result of the activities of a particular individual, organization or community. At the individual level, these greenhouse gases are generated by the transport, production and consumption of food, fuels, manufactured goods and other services..
Steps to maintain a style de-carbon life
De-carbon Life - Switch to a lifestyle that has the least amount of possible impact on the environment, generates the smallest carbon footprint. Everything that an individual, organization, business, or government does or uses embodies some form of carbon. These should be chosen on the basis of the least impact they will have on the climate and the environment.
Energy Efficiency - Improving the efficiency of your buildings, computers, cars and products is the fastest and most lucrative way to save money, energy and carbon emissions. Efficient, environmentally friendly, energy efficient and productive installations are now economically possible. For example, using LED bulbs instead of incandescent bulbs is a good example.
Switch to low carbon energy - We should make an effort to obtain energy from renewable sources such as solar or wind energy. Switching from conventional to unconventional energy sources to the best possible extent will have a visible impact on the environment. Today, more than 50% of all American consumers, for example, have the option of purchasing some type of green energy product.
Switch to Low Carbon Products and Services - The market for climate-friendly products and services is growing rapidly, from energy efficient products to new renewable energy systems. Eco-design is an important strategy for small and medium-sized enterprises in developed and developing countries to improve the environmental performance of their products, reduce waste and improve their competitive position in the market.
Buy green and sell green - Today, more and more consumers are ready to buy green products, if given the choice.
To achieve or make unremitting efforts to achieve a sustainable world is in the hands of man. Mankind, if it wishes, can deactivate the destructive processes that have crippled the natural environment so much through dedicated and well-planned actions and initiatives. Failure to do so endangers civilization and paves the way for mass suffering, conflict and multiple collapses all around us.