After the American president Joe Biden presented a plan to tackle the worsening pandemic in america With a series of new vaccination rules last week, the big question on many minds is: l vaccine obligation will work? Across the Atlantic, in France, this is a gamble that is starting to bear fruit. Despite a slow start to its vaccination rollout earlier this year, fueled by supply chain issues that resulted in aBruised public battle with AstraZeneca over delivery shortfalls and blood clot problems, France finally launched its program in the spring. In May, the country reached its goal of partially immunizing 20 million people, or 30% of its population. But then it quickly started hitting a wall. In July, as the vaccination rate in France stagnated and coronavirus cases were rising, French President Emmanuel Macron has imposed strict vaccination requirements for much of daily life. As of August 1, anyone without a health pass showing proof of their vaccination status or a recent negative test , would not allow entry into bars and cafes, or travel long distances by train, Macron said. Health workers - a group of around 2.7 million people in France- who are not vaccinated on Wednesday, risk being made redundant or suspended without pay. Read more Macron 's move was a calculated risk in a country where a deep cultural belief in individual freedoms and mistrust of the government manifested itself in a reluctance to vaccinate. Macron adjusts his face mask during a conference press release at the Elysee in Paris on September 6. Despite its history as the cradle of vaccine science, France is home to the pharmaceutical giants Sanofi and the Institut Pasteur, named after Louis Pasteur, one of the founders of vaccination modern - the French have long been reluctant to adopt them. A Wellcome Global Monitor survey p published in 2019 revealed that one in three French people did not agree that vaccines were safe - more than any other countrys out of 144 surveyed. During the country's second containment against the coronavirus in December 2020, two separate polls carried out by the Paris headquarters Ipsos and the Institut Français d 'Opinion Publique noted that 'About 60% of French people surveyed said that if a Covid-19 vaccine was available, they would not take it. Clearly, Emmanuel Macron took a risk, said Bruno Cautres, political scientist at the Center for Political Studies. Research at Sciences Po in Paris. He took the risk of saying that I will make the life of the unvaccinated very difficult, which is a very, very, very dangerous statement for an executive. While the proposal reached French lawmakers, protesters started weekly demonstrations against the health pass. On July 31, more than 200,000 people descended onthe streets of France, a mixture of people opposed to the sanitary pass and its restrictions on freedoms, and people reluctant to be fully vaccinated. Yet for all the noise, many more French voted with their feet in favor of the pass and stretched out their arms. On the same day, 532,000 people were vaccinated, according to the Ministry of Health. Despite some opposition at first, Macron's risk appeared to be largely rewarded s. Immediately after Macron's speech on July 12, there was a peak vaccination appointments in France. Doctolib, the main jab booking platform in the country, recorded 1 million appointments made in 24 hours. Thanks in part to its rising vaccination rate - as well as a massive increase in Covid pass testing and the reintroduction of mask warrants in regions hard hit by the Delta variant - metropolitan France has succeeded to bypass largement the fourth wave that has swept across Europe and the United States. One month in France's new health card scheme, data from the country 's public health agency shows an overall drop of hospital and intensive care admissions since the summer peaks. And while public health experts wait to see if the decline continues, many are cautiously optimistic. Within minutes of [Macron's] announcement, the number of reservations to be vaccinated hit a record high. . And this also continued the following days. And what we see now is that they continue to increase, Vittoria Colliza, epidemiologist in Paris at Inserm, the center told CNN. French researcher in public health, in a telephone interview in August. I think that in terms of incentives, it really works. And the health pass itself also has a second effect ... limiting the risk of contact in our qdaily social, so that should have an effect in terms of the number of cases. Today, The rate of vaccination against Covid-19 in France is among the highest in the world, with 73% of people having received at least one injection, according to Our World in Data. people dance in a club in Saint-Jean-de-Monts, western France, on July 10, after the nightlife reopens. In the US , vaccination rates have stalled. Only 62% of the US population has received at least one dose, according to Our World in Data, and the majority of those who are not vaccinated are not at all likely to be vaccinated, according to the Axios-Ipsos poll. Now the United States is seeking to to replicate some of France's success.Last Thursday, thePresident Biden has imposed tough new vaccine rules on most federal workers, healthcare workers, and businesses with 100 or more employees. Announcing the move, which could affect up to 100 million Americans, Biden expressed his frustration with the unvaccinated. We have been patient, but our patience is running out, and your refusal has cost us all, he said, acknowledging that the new steps would not provide a quick fix. An important milestone for the Biden administration, which previously tried to avoid widespread vaccine demands. In the United States, mandates for masks and vaccines have mostly been left to local authorities. But, as U.S. vaccination efforts have stalled in recent months, the administration has begun to adopt more coercive measures to get shot. At the end of July, Biden a annonce that all emp employees and contractors would be required to get vaccinated or undergo regular testing. While some employers and unions have expressed support for the new rules, many Republican leaders said they would challenge the demands on the big guys employers to impose vaccinations in court. Other Critics of Biden's vaccine warrants say they will only increase resistance among people already reluctant to be shot. Heidi Larson, founder of the Vaccine Confidence Project, agrees that government coercion is not necessarily a silver bullet to converting the unvaccinated. Ultimately, he [calls] increases adoption, but for thosepeople who hesitate, things like that make them even angrier. They dig their heels even deeper, ”Larson said. We did national research with a lot of people in the UK and broached the whole issue of the vaccine passport, and it was good for people who were pro-vaccine and accepted them, but for people who were hesitant. , this made them even more hesitant and more likely to refuse if they felt like they were being told they had to, or that it was a moral responsibility . Some countries, including England , have stated that they will not go the vaccine passport route. to receive newly developed vaccines, broader action to encourage uptake is needed, experts say. Information was not very clear on vaccines, said Catherine Hill, epidemiologist at the institut Gustave Roussy in Paris. There have been a lot of fake news rumors about the trials, she said. A protester holds signs indicating No to the sanitary pass and Vaccine: stay away from our children during a demonstration in Neuilly-sur-Seine, in the western suburbs of Paris , August 7. Prior to the new law, the French government attempted to increase vaccination rates through incentives and public health appeals - an effort they have continued as the health pass was rolled out. In August, the Presidential Elysee Palace launched a social media charm offensive aimed at young people in France. President Macron consulted TikTok and Instagram, posting unusually casual videos, some from her vacation home, calling on the French to get vaccinated. Get vaccinated ifyou love your loved ones, friends, brothers, sisters and parents, Macron said on Instagram, because by getting vaccinated you are protecting them too. Rethink communications coincided with a push to make vaccines more readily available. Seaside appointments were opened for those on vacation and walk-in sessions started, which epidemiologist Hill credits for helping turn around with Covid-19 in France. This [warrants] was really a paradigm shift, Colliza said. If you think about vaccine hesitation and how the authorities tried to deal with it, at the beginning it was really a lot of pressure on the explanations, on the communication, and the goal was not really to oblige people but to convince them. And at some point, given the very high circulation of the Delta variant in several EU countries, the authorities are moving towards quSomething a little more restrictive. The final phase of Macron's health card law goes into effect this week, with the mandate on health workers coming into force. As of August 30 , workers in contact with the public, as well as customers, in establishments covered by the law were required to present a health card to enter the premises. In France, nearly 1.8 million workers fall under this extension. Anais Majdoubi, 27, an employee of an escape game company in Paris, was initially reluctant to get the vaccine.She used to take a Covid-19 test every three days to show it to her boss, a strategy that proved impractical when the French government approved the health passport law in August. She was reluctantly given the vaccine, but fears what it means for those who still resist vaccination . I think wes just have to be careful of people who are not vaccinated, not to treat them differently, said Majdoubi. We shouldn't point fingers at them. Eliza Mackintosh of CNN has written and reported ever since. London, England, and Joseph Ataman, Saskya Vandoorne and Melissa Bell from Paris, France.