The global goals to eradicate hunger by 2030 will be missed as a "toxic cocktail" of climate crisis, conflict and the Covid-19 pandemic iReverses progress, new projections revealed.
The fight to end hunger is "dangerously off track" and United Nations Sustainable Development Goal of zero hunger "Tragically distant", according to the 2021 world hunger index (GHI), published Thursday. Forty-seven countries will fail to achieve even low levels of hunger (i.e. countries with adequate food and low numbers of child deaths) by 2030 and millions people will experience severe hunger in the years to come.
Results come in amid warnings from the United Nations food agency, the World Food Program (WFP), that an average temperature increase of 2C from pre-industrial levels will mean 189 million more people be hungry.
Global hunger levels have been declining since 2000, according to the GHI, a hunger measurement and monitoring developed by the NGO Concern Worldwide and German Humanitarian Aid Agency Welthungerhilfe . But progress is slowing, showing "signs of stagnation or even of being reversed.
Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have the highest levels of hunger.
The GHI score is calculated using four indicators, including undernourishment, wasting in children (children under the age of fivens with a low weight / height ratio), stunting in children (children under the age of five with low stature for their age) and infant mortality rates.
Undernourishment is particularly high in sub-Saharan Africa, while South Asia has high levels of wasting in children .
Countries are ranked on a 100-point scale: a score of 50 or more is classified as" extremely alarming ". Somalia, with a score of 50.8, is the only country out of 135 ranked to fall into this category.
At least five countries have “alarming” hunger levels: Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of Congo, Madagascar and Yemen . Another 31 countries have "severe" hunger levels.
Fourteen countries managed to reduce their GHI score by a quarter between 2012 and 2021.
"A toxic cocktail of climate crisis, Covid-19 pandemic and increasingly serious and protracted violent conflicts threatens to wipe out all progress made against hunger in recent years, "said Dominic MacSorley, Concern 's Managing Director.
" Violent conflict is now the main cause of hunger, and it is increasing food security and malnutrition around the world at a ferocious rate this year, ”he said. noted. “The GHI t report shows that conflict is a major driver of hunger in eight of 10 countries with levels of hunger classified as 'alarming' or 'extremely alarming'. that in 2020, more than half of those struggling with undernourishment, which results in insufficient calorie intake, lived in countries affected by conflict and violence.
" After decades of decline, the global prevalence of undernourishment - one of the four indicators used to calculate GHI scores - is increasing, "the report says. "This change may be a harbinger of reversals in other hunger measures.
David Beasley, Executive Director of WFP, reported said: From Madagascar to Honduras via Bangladesh, are in the throes of a climate crisis that is now a daily reality for millions of people. The climate crisis is fueling a food crisis. "
The agency said tens of thousands of lives are at risk in southern Madagascar, where starvation conditions were caused by degradation of the air conditioningat. Consecutive droughts have pushed nearly 1.1 million people to severe hunger .