Golconda Fort - History
Golconda fort was previously called Mankal and was built by Rajah of Warangal in 1143. The fort was built of mud on a hill.
Fort Golconda under the Kakatiya and Musunuri dynasties
The Kakatiya dynasty built the fort Golconde to defend the western part of their kingdom . The fort was built on top of a granite hill. Rani Rudrama Devi and his successor Prataparudra further strengthened the fort. After that, the Musunuri dynasty took over. retook the fort by defeating the Tughlaqi army. Later the fort was given to the rulers of the Bahmani Sultanate by Musunuri Kapaya Nayak.
Golconda Fort under the Bahmani Sultanate and the Qutb Shahiy Dynast
The Bahmani Sultanate has obtained the fort from the Musunuri dynasty. Quli Qutb-ul-Mulk was sent by the Bahmani Sultanate as governor of Hyderabad. Later the Bahmani dynasty declined and Quli Qutb - ul-Mulk founded the Qutb Shahi dynasty.kings of this dynasty strengthen the fort and expand it. The kings of the Qutb Shahi dynasty then moved the capital to Hyderabad in 1590. Mughal Emperor Aurungzeb besieged the fort for a year and its ruin began from 1687
Diamonds in Golconda Fort
The mines in the fort are popular for the production of diamonds like Kohinoor, Hope diamond and many others. Diamonds were produced in the mines of Kollur, Parotala and Atkur. The mines of the city made it a trading center of diamonds. These mines helped the people kings of Qutb Shahi dynasty and Nizams to get rich.