< section data-eq-pts = xsmall: 0, medium: 460, large: 780, full16x9: 1100 data-vr-zone = zone-1-0 data-zone-label = bodyText data-containers = 45 data-zn-id = body-text > Covid-19 cases are on the decline in the United States, but the optimistic outlook must be tempered by the still high infection rate, especially in children. The number of new cases in children remains highptionally high with 148,222 cases reported in the week ending October 7, according to data from the American Academy of Pediatrics released on Monday. Children accounted for nearly a quarter of the Covid-19 cases reported each week , according to the AAP. Nationally, Covid-19 cases, hospitalizations and deaths have declined , according to Johns Hopkins University . Over the past week, an average of 87,676 people We reported infections and 1,559 people died from Covid-19 per day, according to JHU data. US Covid-19 rates are declining, but a Colder weather could mean Delta Wave has months to go, expert says Infection rate still remains well above what's needed - which Dr Anthony says Fauci, is expected to be below 10,000 on Sunday.Read moreAnd with winter threatening to send people indoors and increase the spread, experts fear cases will rise again. The risk is higher for children, many of whom are still not elected.eligible for vaccination. Currently only vaccines are available for children as young as 12 years old, although Pfizer and BioNTech have requested emergency use authorization from US Food and Drug Administration for young children. In the meantime, some schools have relied on preventive measures to protect students, such as masking, distancing and testing. In Massachusetts, Governor Charlie Baker plans to deploy 200 members of the National Guard to help with school tests for Covid-19. But vaccination remains the best tool to fight the pandemic, experts say. And some regions do better than others. Thirty-five states have fully immunized more than half of their residents while five others - Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Maine and Massachusetts - have completedfully vaccinated more than two-thirds, according to data from American centers disease control and prevention . Overall, the numbers are not so promising. As of Tuesday evening, only 56.5% of the U.S. population was fully vaccinated, according to CDC data . We need the overwhelming proportion of these unvaccinated people to be vaccinated and we can be sure. that if we can do it, you won't see a resurgence, said Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. Hospital system 'deeply disappointed ' with Texas vaccine mandate ban While many experts and officials urge institutions to promulgate vaccination mandates to protect employees , students and clients, some fight their efforts. THEundi, Texas Governor Greg Abbott issued an executive order prohibiting any entity from requiring individuals to be vaccinated. The COVID-19 vaccine is safe, effective, and our best defense against the virus, but must stay voluntary and never forced, Abbott said. I go against public health guidelines and really is not the right thing to do in the middle of a pandemic, said CNN medical analyst Dr. Leana Wen on Tuesday to CNN's John King. The Covid-19 vaccine warrants are working, according to Dr.Anthony Fauci Dr. Marc Boom, president and CEO of Houston Methodist, said the hospital system is reviewing Abbott's executive order and its possible implications while expecting employees and doctors toare vaccinated. As the first hospital system in the country to impose the COVID-19 vaccine on employees and doctors, we are deeply disappointed with the governor's order trying to ban such warrants, Boom said. in a statement, noting that the system's employees and doctors are 100% compliant. We have fulfilled our red bag obligation to keep our patients safe, putting them first. Not only are our patients safe, but we are able to stay healthy at work and be there for our community when they need us most. Mandate bans have been particularly relevant to healthcare systems, where some professionals have resigned as a result of such measures and others have argued for they protect their colleagues and their vulnerable patients. According to a new survey of Axios-Ipsos , a majority of Americans, 65%, support the requirement of vaccines for anyone working in a healthcare facility. He also found that more Americans, 30%, expect it to take more than a year to return to normal life before Covid, compared to 9% who thought so in early June e. Fewer people say also that they have returned to their normal lives - 22% now compared to 28% in June - or saying that this will happen in the next six months - 13% compared to 36% in June - according to the poll. sign of normality, senior administration officials said to CNN that the United States plans to ease travel restrictions for fully vaccinated visitors from Canada and Mexico starting in early November, easing bans that have been in place for more than 18 months. Moderna propoget a lower dose of vaccine As the US has approved booster doses of the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine for some vulnerable Americans - and authorities are weighing approval of the Moderna and Johnson & Johnson boosters - Moderna on Tuesday urged the FDA to clear a 50 microgram dose, according to documents released ahead of a key meeting. The company said this dose increases protection against the coronavirus while helping to keep the global vaccine supply up. This dose is half the 100 microgram dose used in the primary series of the two-dose vaccine. Moderna urges the FDA to allow a half-size oster dose of its Covid-19 vaccine for certain adults Moderna requests authorization of the smallest dose at least six months after the second dose for certain groups: people aged 65 and over; people aged 18 to 64 who are at high risk of severe Covid-19; and people aged 18 to 64 whose exposure to the coronavirus in their environment or work puts them at risk of complications from Covid-19 or serious illness. , FDA independent vaccine advisers are expected to discuss and vote on whether to recommend clearance for raCalls for Moderna vaccine. Councilors are expected to discuss and vote on whether to recommend that Johnson & Johnson's vaccine recalls be allowed on Friday. Both vaccines are already approved for use in people 18 years of age and older. VRBPAC members will also hear a presentation on the booster doses mix and match on Friday. CNN's Naomi Thomas, Deidre McPhillips, Julian Cummings, Rosalina Nieves and Jamie Gumbrecht contributed to this report.