GENEVA, September 14 (Hfrance.fr) - Syria is still not sure about the return of refugees a decade after the start of its conflit, UN war crimes investigators said on Tuesday, documenting escalating violence and rights violations, including arbitrary detention by government forces.
The United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Syria said the overall situation was increasingly grim, noting hostilities in several parts of the country, its economy sinking collapse, the drying up of river beds and increased attacks by ISIS militants.
"A decade later , the parties to the conflict continue to perpetrate war crimes and crimes against humanity and violate the fundamental human rights of Syrians ", declared the President of the Commission, Paulo Pinheiro, during the publication of his 24th report.
"The war against Syrian civilians continues and it is difficult for them to tto seek safety or a safe haven in this war-torn country ry. "
Incidents of arbitrary and incommunicado detention by government forces continued, according to the report.
"The Commission continued to document not only torture and sexual violence in detention, but also deaths in custody and enforced disappearances , "read a press release.
The war, which escalated from an uprising against the regime of President Bashar al-Assad, has triggered the world's largest refugee crisis. Syria's neighbors host 5.6 million refugees, while European countries host more than one million.
Refugees from some countries have pressure face to return.
While 'Assad has reclaimed most of Syria, important areas remain out of his control: Turkish forces are deployed in much of the north and northwest - the last major stronghold of anti-Assad rebels - and the forces Americans are stationed in the Kurdish-controlled east and northeast.
Commissioner Hanny Megally said there had been a "return of sieges and siege tactics " in southwestern Syria - an area where Russian-backed government forces waged a campaign to quell a pocket held by the rebels in the city of Daraa . learn more Covering the year through the end of June, the report also noted an increase in hostilities in the northwest, claiming that markets, residential areas and medical facilities had been struck from the air and the ground, "often indiscriminately, causing numerous civilian casualties ".
At least 243 people were killed or mutilated in seven car bombings in rebel-held towns of Afrin and Ras al-Ain north of Aleppo, though the overall toll is considerably higher, he said.
The report slammed the Islamist group that controls Idlib, Hayat Tahrir al-Sham, for imposing restrictions on the media and on freedom of expression , claiming to have arbitrarily detained media activists and journalists, including women.
He also criticized the illegal internmental from thousands of women and d 'children detained on suspicion of links to ISIS in camps in US-controlled areas - supported the Syrian Democratic Forces, claiming they had no legal recourse .
They had "been left to fend for themselves under conditions which could amount to cruel or inhuman treatment ". Written by Tom Perry, edited by William Maclean
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