image source, PA Media image caption Liz Truss has been promoted to one of the key government positions
Boris Johnson sacked a series of ministers - and promoted new faces to replace them - in a major reshuffle.
Prime Minister sacked Education Secretary Gavin Williamson and brought Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab to justice department.
Chancellor Rishi Sunak and Home Secretary Priti Patel keep their jobs.
But there are promotions for Liz Truss, who goes to the Foreign Office, and Nadine Dorries, who gets the culture.
Downing Street said the goal of the reshuffle was to "build a strong, united team to better rebuild after the pandemic ".
Further moves are expected over the next few hours as Mr Johnson seeks to fill the vacancies.
Besides Justice Secretary and Lord Chancellor, Mr Raab also received the title of Deputy Prime Minister, after what was reportedly a long and difficult conversation with the Prime Minister.
In other shots:
- Minister of Vaccines Nadhim Zahawi is promoted Secretary of Education
- Secretary of Housing Robert Jenrick is fired - and replaced by Michael Gove
- Treasury Minister Steve Barclay replaces Mr Gove as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
- Oliver Dowden is given the role of Minister without portfolio in the Cabinet Office
- Mr. Dowden also becomes co-chair of the Conservative Party, replacing Amanda Milling
- Simon Clarke becomes Chief Secretary to the Treasury
The big winners of the reshuffle inc lude Ms. Dorries, a young Minister of Health and best-selling novelist who has never served in cabinet before, and Ms. Truss, who takes up one of the three most important government positions in the Department of International Trade.
New Housing, Communities and Local Government Secretary Michael Gove will also retain responsibility for "leveling up " government "- distributing wealth and opportunities across the country - and handling demands for another Scottish independence referendum.
Dominic Raab helped shape policy foreign government and hardened the UK's stance towards Russia and China.
But he also led an ill-fated ship with the Foreign Office tox struggling with budget cuts, low morale and a difficult merger with the International Development Department al.
He has been accused by his detractors of being a control freak who has lost the trust of some officials and ambassadors.
And then the mismanagement of the evacuation in Afghanistan - and its decision to stay on vacation - prompted further criticism.
Liz Truss is now - after Margaret Beckett - the second woman to hold the post of Foreign Secretary.
As a former trade minister, she is a well-known figure in the international diplomatic circuit, having negotiated trade agreements which had to be replaced after Brexit.
She will bring character - even panache - to a job that often requires a little human diplomacy.
Bu She will have to face an arduous task to revive an institution of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs which has feltie lately somewhat marginalized in government.
image source, caption of image Dominic Raab is no longer Minister of Foreign Affairs and Gavin Williamson has been dismissed from his post of Secretary of Education by the Prime Minister figcaption >
The losers of the resh The group includes Mr Williamson, who has faced repeated calls from the opposition to resign or be sacked for his handling of disruptions to schools and exams during pandemic.
He said he was "proud " of the "transformational reforms I carried out in post-16 education: in higher education institutions, our agenda of skills, learning and more ".
For Labor's shadow education secretary Kate Green said Mr Williamson had "failed children and youth, their parents and our hard-working education staff throughout one of the periods most trying in our history ".
Robert Buckland also seems poised for a return to the backbench after being replaced by Mr Raab as Secretary of Justice and Lord Chancellor.
image source, PA Media caption of the image Nadine Dorries was promoted to the cabinet for the first time
Hfrance.fr correspondent for home affairs Dominic Casciani said that Mr. Buckland was a respected man and figure in the legal profession.eu, but stepped down with 58,000 serious criminal cases awaiting trial in crown court.
Shadow Labor Secretary for Justice David Lammy said: "Appointment of failed foreign minister who was sacked for missing in action to be Sixth Secretary for Labor justice in six years shows how little this government cares about victims of crime. "