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When the Food and Drug Administration cleared the first COVID- "19 vaccine in December after a difficult year of illness, death and at " the shelter in place , many celebrated the vaccination as a way out of a unique pandemic.
Others weren't so enthusiastic. Some were afraid of a vaccine they thought was rushed or experimental, and they may have heard false claims about vaccines causing infertility or containing "a microchip . Others made comparisons with a thick history of medical gas lighting and abuseof people who look like them at the hands of the US government. Then there are those who value individual freedom above all else and view the promotion of vaccines as an intrusion into personal choice.
The United States is no stranger to an anti-vaccine movement. voice, but the people who chose not to get a vaccine " COVID-19 is not yet 'necessarily "antivax. " In fact, antivaxxers are probably a small number in the world. much calmer, much larger group who are reluctant to vaccinate.
"TV and internet are going to highlight the most vehement anti-tax people, but if you take a look, a a big part of the reasons people don't get vaccinated is that they just don't know, "says David Dunning, professor of psychology.ogie at the University of Michigan who studies human disbelief.
"A lot of people are uncertain as opposed to hostile, " Dunning says. "For a lot of people, this is really all about nuts and bolts to getting the vaccine, rather than any sort of ideological position.
Pfizer is now fully FDA approved, and some institutions and companies have used FDA approval as the go-ahead for vaccines "mandated for employees . There is also hope that the FDA's full confidence in Pfizer's COVID-19 vaccine ( now marketed as "Comirnaty "), with Moderna on her heels, will inspire people on the fence to get vaccinated on their own.
As of September 2, 2021, 75.2% of adults in the United States have had at least one injection in the COVID-19 vaccination series. (Both mRNA vaccines require two injections; Johnson & Johnson is a single-dose vaccine.) COVID-19 cases are on the rise again as the newer and more dangerous delta variant causes some hospitals to run out of beds to as more people become seriously ill with COVID-19 - the vast majority of them unvaccinated. A report released by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention suggests that the " unvaccinated people are more than 29 times more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than vaccinated people who suffer from a revolutionary " infection . While the number of COVID-19 cases and hospitalizations is clear, the reasons forwhich people withdraw from the coronavirus vaccination are not.
What the polls say
White evangelical Christians and people under 65 who do not have health insurance are the the "most likely to say they will not receive " certainly " not a vaccine for COVID-19, according to a July poll by the Kaiser Family Foundation. According to the foundation, how people identify themselves politically also matters, as Republicans make up 58% of the group who said they definitely would not get the vaccine. White Americans surveyed were much more likely to be categorically against the vaccine than people of color surveyed, who made up 40% of the group who said they wanted " wait and see "before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine.
Young adults between the ages of 18 and 29 are also more likely to categorically refuse the vaccine, as are adults living in rural areas.
The way the poll
'Smoke and Mirrors: ' Misinformation and the Media Trevor Tilseth lives in western Wisconsin and does not receive a coronavirus vaccine because he considers the vaccine to be a placebo. Vaccines aren't the "wonder drug," he says, they are meant to be, and the delta variant may be a reason why people who get vaccinated get major infections.
Tilseth also doesn't think the coronavirus is as dangerous as a virus,because he knows people who have had COVID-19. One case in particular "should have been a death sentence" because of the person's pre-existing conditions, he says. Tilseth has also experienced conflicting media coverage of COVID-19, including that regarding hydroxychloroquine .
"It's all about finding things you can believe in - where you get your facts, what's real, what isn't not "he says.
Tilseth is a disabled veteran and declines the coronavirus vaccine when offered to him at the Veterans Hospital. But if either of his two children decided to get the vaccine when they are eligible (one is currently eligible), he would support them as long as they were informed. Tilseth's main problem with coronavirus vaccines is not knowing what information to believe.
"That 's a lot of ' How to trust what we see? smoke and mirrors, " Tilseth said. "When I talk to my neighbors, many of us think the same.
Dunning thinks that a key issue in reluctance to vaccinate is that of trust. Different cultural and political speakers, disagreeing on the same information, hamper progress. "If your goal is to get everyone immunized, it is important that everyone with a microphone sing this hymn ", he says.
A lot of people who don't want the COVID-19 vaccine are not antivaccines in general. Their hesitation may stem from history, lack of access, politics, and other reasons. Luis Alvarez /
Defeating Tuskegee: Racism and Abuse in American Medicine
Dr. Ijeoma Nnodim Opara is a pediatrician, internal medicine doctor and black woman. During a Twitter event Thursday discussing the reluctance to vaccinate in the black community with the nonprofit Black Coalition Against COVID-19, Opara said his knowledge of a story in which black people have been abused in the medical system made her, a professionalhealth, hesitant about vaccines. As one of the first people who could get shot, Opara was nervous.
"I understand when people are skeptical of anything that starts to seem to target us, as we have receipts longer than CVS to show for how we have been negatively impacted " , Opara said. What reinforced her choice to get the vaccine was a conversation with her brother and father, also doctors, who discussed with her their own decision-making on why they received the vaccine as soon as they were vaccinated. 'it was made available to them.
L ' study "Tuskegee , an experiment conducted by the Tuskegee Institute and the US Public Health Service Commissioned Corps that began in 1932 and studied syphilis in 600 black men in Alabama. Participants were given false pretenses about the problem.experience, and when penicillin became available for treatment of the disease in 1947, none of the 399 men with syphilis were treated. Many have died.
modern health disparities "also exist , including comprehensive access to care and research that suggests black people receive worse health care than their white counterparts, even with adjusted health conditions, insurance, and income. the coronavirus pandemic, the Black com community has also lost a disproportionate number of lives, in part due to how the community is disproportionately affected by the health conditions that lead to severe COVID-19. CDC data from July 2021, Black Americans were 2.8 " times more likely to bebe hospitalized with COVID-19 and twice as likely to die from COVID-19 than white Americans. There were similar disparities for other people of color, including Native Americans and Hispanics.
While blacks and Hispanics have "lower vaccination rates in their communities compared to whites, according to data reported by the Kaiser Family Foundation, vaccination rates among blacks and Hispanics increased from August 2 to 16, helping to reduce 'gap in vaccine disparity and suggesting that community motivation, like that of the Black Coalition Against COVID-19, helps to gain people's trust.
A man afraid of needles covers his eyes while receiving the Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine. Dunning says fear of needles is common - about one in 10 people will have an anxiety reaction in a doctor's office. Genaro Molina /
The tyranny of 'and ': good health against the vaccine
There have been a few reports online of people who have not been vaccinated because they were generally "healthy and do not have 'do not think that 'They were susceptible to severe COVID-19, only to be hospitalized or die from the coronavirus. These serve as tragic reminders of our mortality, and also of the cruel lottery that a virus like the coronavirus inflicts. And while most of us seem to be born "with au minus a little sense of immortality , those who are most likely to say that they "definitely " will not get the COVID-19 vaccine are also the most likely to think that they will not get a severe case of COVID-19, or that the "vaccines pose a worse threat to their health than the virus itself , according to data from the Kaiser Family Foundation.
During theCoalition discussion on Thursday, a nurse called and asked a question: if certain health conditions predispose a person to severe COVID-19 (obesity, heart disease and diabetes, for example, which a person eligible " to receive treatment with monoclonal antibodies if she does catch COVID-19), why are doctors advocating the vaccine instead of lifestyle changes that will make a person healthier?
Dr. Reed Tuckson, co-founding member of the Black Coalition Against COVID-19 and former Washington DC Public Health Commissioner, said that while taking care of your overall health is important, that doesn't mean you don't. get vaccinated.
"There is the tyranny of 'and ' that we have to face. We need to be vaccinated and take care of our healthglobal, "said Tuckson. " But one does not replace the other. "
The information in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute health or medical advice Always consult a physician or other qualified health care professional with any questions you may have about a health problem or health goals.