Each of the world's major economies, including all the countries that make up the G20, is failing to meet the commitments made as part of the historic Paris Agreement to avert climate catastrophe, a damning new analysis has revealed.
Less than two months before climate talks are taking place in Scotland, none of the biggest greenhouse gas emitting countries have enough planned reduced pollution to answer this that they agreed in the Paris Climate Agreement 2015 .
This means that the world is heading for disaster climate impacts .
As part of the Paris Agreement, nations pledged to prevent the temperature global average to increase 1.5 C above pre-industrial times in order to avoid disastrous heat waves, floods, storms, drought and other consequences that are already starting to happen. But the new analysis carried out by Climate Action Tracker reveals that almost all countries fall woefully short of this commitment.
Clima The commitments made by Russia, Iran and Saudi Arabia are "critically insufficient ", according to the analysis, while Australia, Brazil, Canada, China and India are among those considered" very insufficient ".
The United States, the European Union bloc, Germany and Japan are classified ase "insufficient", while the UK, the host of the next climate summit, is "almost sufficient".
Of the 36 countries, plus the EU, ranked by the Climate Action Tracker, only The Gambia has made commitments in line with the Paris 1.5C target. Together, these countries account for 80% of global emissions.
Governments are expected to periodically improve their emission reduction targets in order to keep promises made in Paris, but progress has been made. "Stalled" this year, the researchers said.
There was "good momentum" in May after a climate summit organized at the White House by United States President Joe Biden, according to Niklas Höhne, a researcher at the NewClimate Institute, a partner organization in the Climate Action Track analysiser.
"But since then there has been little to no improvement - nothing is changing," he said. "The governments have now narrowed the gap to 15%, a minimal improvement from May.
"Anyone might think they have it all world time, when they are in fact the opposite, "he added.
This intransigence comes despite negotiations looming climate and growing signs of the climate crisis manifested in catastrophic weather events including massive flooding in Germany and China , severe forest fires in the USA and dangerous heat waves sweeping through several country .
A a survey conducted Tuesday by Pew surveyed 16,000 people in North America, Europe and Asia found that 72% fear climate change will harm them personally at some point.
In August, a landmark report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change , the world's leading authority on climate science, found that combustionfuel is changing Earth's climate in "unprecedented" ways and that rapid reductions in greenhouse gases are needed to prevent climate degradation.
Antonio Guterres, the UN secretary general, said the report should serve as a "red code for humanity".
But the Climate Action Tracker has seen a lack of urgency on the part of all major emitters, such as China, India and the United States, to respond to this threat.
Even countries with strong climate goals are not on track to meet them, while international funding for the poorest countries to help tackle the climate crisis is insufficient. If current practices continue, the world is on the right track since nearly 3C in warming.
Analysis said of "particular concern" are the governments of Australia, Brazil, 'Indonesia and Russia, which have failed to raise ambition to reduce their emissions since 2015.
Coal, fossil fuel the most polluting, is still being developed on a large scale by India and China, according to the report, while Australia and the EU are expanding gas infrastructure.
" A growing number of people around the world are suffering the increasingly severe and frequent impacts of climate change, yet government action continues to lag behind what is needed ", said Bill Hare, managing director of Climate Analytics, another partner in the new study.
"While many governments have made commitments to net zero , without short-term action reaching zero t is virtually impossible.
The analysis provides a sobering reality check ahead of the UN climate talks, which have been pushed back from last year due to the Covid-19 pandemic. A coalition of 1,000 environmental groups called for talks to be postponed again as delegates from the poorest countries still do not have access to coronavirus vaccines.
This call was rejected by the UK government as well as by John Kerry, the US climate envoy, who said on Monday that a further delay would be a "huge, huge mistake ".
But Kerry risks entering the talks without much victoryClimate black to wield, with emission reduction provisions as part of a huge $ 3. 5,000 items of Biden's legislative agenda remain a subject of disagreement, even among Democrats in the US Congress.
Environmentalists have also attacked the Biden administration for recently leasing large areas of the western United States and the Gulf of Mexico for oil and gas drilling.
The Leases " will make it even harder for America to meet its climate goals, "said Jennifer Rokala, executive director of the Center for Western Priorities conservation group.
"Vision is nothing without action." Unfortunately, the actions of the Biden administration to increase drilling on public lands are at odds with thevision of the President ”, she added.