India: Science and Technology Development
For the organized growth and development of science and technology in India, various agencies and specialized research and development organizations are being created.
Each organization specializes in a particular area to develop an advanced type of knowledge-based technology; for example, the atomic industry is responsible for the development of nuclear technology to meet increasing demands for energy.
The Scientific and Industrial Research Council (or CSIR) is a leading national research and development organization. The CSIR is also responsible for the development of human resources in the field of science and technology.
During the seventh five-year plan (in 1986), the Council for the Advancement of Popular Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) was created.
CAPART was tasked with catalyzing and coordinating the emerging partnership between government and voluntary organizations for the sustainable development of rural areas.
Mainly there were two organizations namely Council for Rural Technology Advancement - CART and People's Action for Development in India - PADI; So CAPART is a merger of these two organizations.
At present, CAPART is an autonomous body and is largely responsible for rural development in India.
CAPART supports and promotes volunteerism organizations in the planning and implementation of sustainable development projects, especially in rural areas. The organizations also provide a platform for women's groups, hdisabled and disadvantaged to participate and promote development.
Department of Science and Technology
The Department of Science and Technology (DST) plays a central role in promoting science and technology in India.
DST has a huge responsibility; as, at one end, it promotes high-end research and development of advanced technologies; on the other hand, it provides basic technical skills and technologies to ordinary people.
Science and Technology Facts
Now let's talk about some facts in science and technology.
At present, India is one of the most fascinating destinations for technology transactions in the world and it isenough among the top five.
At present, around 27 satellites (11 of which facilitate the communication network with the country) are active and operational.
Further, India is ranked among the top ten countries in terms of number of scientific publications.
According to National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) report, India's analytics industry is expected to impact around $ 16 billion by 2015, compared to the current $ 2 billion illion.
Very recently, with a capacity of 1000 MW, Unit 1 of the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (KKNPP 1) was set up.
The KKNPP I is located in Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu.
To be added to the existing project, with the same capacity (ie 1000 MW), Unit 2 of the Kudankulam nuclear project is being commissioned.
The DRDO, that is to say the research organizationresearch and development for defense, joined forces with Snecma, a French engine manufacturer, to develop the Gas Turbine and Research Center (GTRE); GTRE will improve the performance of Kaveri engines.
Kaveri engines are used in 'Teja ', the light combat aircraft (LCA) developed by the natives.
The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has successfully completed its mission of developing independent navigation of India ystem by launching the Indian regional system of satellite navigation (IRNSS-1G).
IRNSS-1G is the seventh navigation satellite and it will reduce the country's dependence on the US global positioning system.
India has recently become an Associate Member State of the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN); the motive is to increase collaboration between India and the scientific and technological efforts of CERN and to promoteAlso open the participation of Indian physicists, software engineers and electronic hardware engineers in world experiments.
DHR (i.e. Department of Health Research), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare planned to set up a network national three-tier viral research and diagnostic laboratories (VRDL).
As part of the VRDLs project, 160 VRDLs will be set up with the capacity to treat around 30 to 35 viruses of public health importance.
The Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology of the Indian government is now the second country outside of Europe to join the European Organization for Molecular Biology (EMBO).