Role of science and technology in India
Scientific and technological notes for the upsc ias preliminaries
Role of science and technology in India
Over a period of time, India has gradually and significantly opened up development path in the field of science and technology.
The 21 st century in India is apparently marked as the beginning of an advance in terms of technology and of enriching the knowledge base in the fields of science.
Currently India occupies a strong position in terms of advanced technology. India also serves as a knowledge storehouse with the existence of its many science and technology institutions which come with a skilled and trained workforce.
Now let's talk different areas of development with the advancement of science and technology -
Scientific research and development
Progress of the agricultural system
Development of space science and technology
Development of medical science and technology
Development of infrastructure
Technologies of information and communication
Likewise, India has a strong scientific and technological base which is spreading across the country in the form of academic institutions, research and development laboratories, medical centers advanced (with research facilities), experimental centers and various advanced industries.
Due to the development in all fields of science and technology, India is now one of the major developing countries in the world.
Science and technology and industry in India
In recent times, science and technology have contributed immensely to the establishment of industries in India.
From the micro to the macro level, research and development in the field of technology has created an ideal niche for the overall growth of the country's economic situation. The noticeable examples are the development of atomic energy, space science, dozens of successful satellite systems, advanced medical technologies, etc.
After independence, it was not possible for India to depend on other countries for
Fortunately, Indian technologies and companies today are as proficient as in other developed countries. India is also a leader in various fields and is a serious competitor to other countries.
If we discuss skilled human resources, there are many Indians in top positions in leading companies.
Indian industries began to flourish after 1990, that is, in historical times. Globalization, liberalization and privatization have facilitated this growth. The information and technology industries, atomic energy, automotive, biotechnology, nanotechnology, pharmaceuticals, petroleum, etc. have increased globally.
On the other hand, the Indian government has also made considerable investments in the field of reresearch and development to encourage advancement of Indian economy.
For coherent and efficient growth,
- Center of the Council for Scientific Research and Industry (CSIR)
- Department of Science and Technology (DST)
- Indian Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMA)
- Aryabhatta Research Institute of 'Obs ervational Sciences (ARIES)
- Central Institute for Drug Research
- Center for the Study of Developing Societies
- Central Institute for Engineering Research electronics
- Center Institute for Food Technology Research
- Central Institute for Glass and Ceramics Research (CGCRI)
- Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering
- Central Institute for Brackish Water Aquaculture
- Central Institute for Soil Salinity Research
- Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST)
- Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research (IGCAR)
- Institute of Growth Economics
- Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB)
- National Institute of Electronics and Information Technology (NIELIT)
- National Institute of Education and pharmaceutical research
- National Institute of Oceanography (NIO)
Similarly, there are dozens of other scientific research centers of this type, which have been set up for the growing overall economy of the country.
Science and technology and society in India
Growth, peace and security of a society are directly linked to the development of technology; because science and technology in some way influence the development as well as the security of society.
Consider the following points to understand how the security of a company is directly related to the development of technology -
CCTV camera in
Due to advancement in technology, communication deficit is now reduced; people have information about the whereabouts of their loved ones and loved ones expensive and are only a phone call away sometimes
Police work has become easier because the police can easily find criminals.
Besides, due to advancement in technology, nowadays most villages in India have electricity, road and can benefit from essential facilities.lles.
People who live in even a very remote part of the country have the advantage of
Telecommunications network towers have been installed in the most remote of remote areas as well.
Therefore, science and technology are like a boon for the global scientific and economic development of country.