Biotechnology is that branch of science that gained popularity in the 1970s. It is a science that, through different biological processes, uses organisms, cells or / and cellular components to develop new technologies.
Biotechnology has proven to be very useful in the field of agriculture, medicine, industry and environmental studies.
The different categories in biotechnology
Now let's talk about the different categories in Bit technology.
This technology is used in medicine to research and develop new drugs, using stem cells to regenerate damaged human tissue.
This technology is used in the field of agriculture to research and develop solutions resistant to pests. Within the framework of green biotechnology, activities of researches are also carried out for disease resistant animals.
This technology used in the field of industry to research and develop new chemicals or for the development of new fuels for vehicles.
This technology is used in the field of the marine and aquatic environment to research and develop new techniques for controlling the proliferation of harmful substances of water origin
Deoxyribonucleic acid or simply DNA is a microelement specialized in the transport of genetic information in all cellular forms. Since this is a natural nucleotide polymer; hence, it is known as a polynucleotide.
Most DNA molecules are made up of two biopolymer strands, which stay wrapped around each other and form a double helix structure (like shown in the picture above e). DNA is a rebiological information service.
In 1869 DNA was first isolated by Friedrich Miescher; however, the molecular structure was first identified by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1953.
Application of DNA science to technology
Now let's talk about areas in which DNA science can be applied -
Technology is used to develop genetically modified organisms, frequently used in agriculture.
This is done by forensic scientists; they take samples of blood, semen, skin, hair, saliva, etc. to identify people based on their DNA. This is of great help in cases where criminals need to be identified or the biological parentage of a child needs to be identified.
It 'sa technique for storing, extractingdata, research and manipulation of biological data. It is widely applied in computer science. For example, it is used in string search algorithms, machine learning, etc.
This technology is used in molecular recognition, that is, learning the properties of DNA and other acidic nucleics.
DNA technology greatly helps anthropologists understand the evolutionary history of organisms.
Ribonucleic acid or simply RNA is a nucleic acid that helps in the encoding, decoding, regulation and expression of genes. Unlike DNA, RNA comes in the form of a single stranded folded over on itself, rather than a paired double stranded (see image below - a comparative structure is presented).
Cellular organisms normally usemessenger RNA, which is mRNA for transmitting genetic information.