Speed Skating - Quick Guide
Speed Skating - Overview
Speed Skating is a racing sport in the world that is played on the ice and the players have to run with each other over a certain distance. He is believed to be from the Netherlands. After that, England started playing this sport.
The competitors run on the ice for a certain distance. They use skates to slide on the ice. This sport is mainly practiced in icy countries. In this sport, players need body balance and very high concentration when moving at high speed. Players can be teenagers and young people.
The main objective of this sport is to skate on ice for a certain distance and reach the finish line. Balancing one's weight and sliding are the main entities for people who practice this sport. Speed skating efficiency improves your recreational and competitive skating skills. Speed skating began to be a major form of transportation through frozen bodies of water.
In the frozen regions of the globe, skating was the only one means of transportation and communication in ancient times. Therefore, the sport is often played in the ice belt regions of the world. But slowly it started to prove its importance in the Olympics too.
In speed skating, players learn teamwork, being organized and persistent, as well as the art of setting and achieving goals. This reinforces discipline and also teaches skill. good sportsmanship.
Team Size in Speed Skating
Regardless of their age, skaters have a strong determination to run as fast as they can. They can. This enthusiasmuvénile is unmatched. This discipline requires a mixture of strategy, endurance and speed.
Formally, only three skaters must skate at a time. But competitions can allow three to four skaters to make participants more interested in the event and the players have a better chance of winning. The additional player is considered a relay player to replace tired or falling players.
Track skating has a team of four who switch after completing the lap of their choice. This results in a zone to heavy traffic. When runners start to hurtle down, experienced skaters are pushed to high speeds by their teammates. Skaters exiting the track take in air and prepare to return to the race. A lot can be done. go wrong in this race, but good planning translates into better chanthese survival.
The Dutch were the first in history to skate on ice to maintain communication from one village to another in the 13th century. Gradually he threw his wings towards England, to form his first clubs and artificial ice rinks. Some avid skaters include the famous England Kings, Napoleon III, Marie-Antoinette and other famous personalities.
The first unofficial skating took place in the Netherlands in 1676. But officially, the very first speed skating event took place in 1863, in Oslo, Norway. In 1889, the first world champion was the Netherlands, which brought together the Dutch, Russian, American and English teams.
Speed skating is very popular in the following countries: America, Australia, Austria, Belgium, United Kingdom, Canada, Cambodia, China, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Italy, Mexico , Netherlands, Norway, Pologne, Russia, Sweden and Switzerland.
Each country that participates in the sport of speed skating has its own clubs and national events are organized for interested players. Frequently, competitions are organized all over the country and also locally for the process of selecting the right players. The discovery of this sport is entitled to the Dutch who dominate the rest of the world because they have won most of the medals in this sport.
Speed skating - Environment
Before starting the race, it is necessary to know the environment. The land must be defined according to the rules and the environment. Depending on the type of race, its characteristics are defined. For speed skating, the design is completely different from the rest of the sports.
Speed Skating - Terrain Design
Speed skating is played on ice tracks. Usually, we choose a country where the snowfall is higher andwhere the ground is covered with snow most of the time. For countries with low snowfall, dry land is provided for training and races are organized by creating artificial ice tracks using ice boxes. The Olympics organize this sport in the winter to create ice for skating.
Speed Skating - Floor Dimensions
The track is made of ice and is of the closed circuit type which can be circular or otherwise. other typical form. The length of the track may vary depending on the level of the sport practiced. The starting level is 111mts. It's a one-way race with a start position and a finish line. The second level gets its length longer than the previous one. Likewise, the length continues to increase from 111mts to 5000mts as desired by the judges.
Most competitions never have the same distances. They can vary from one compto the other and cannot be guaranteed either. It is the choice of the judges or the rules of the sport but the lengths of the Olympic Games at international level are as follows -
500 meters (4 , 5 laps) is the shortest sport in length taken as the start of a warm-up.
1000 meters or 9 laps to give skaters the spirit of the final rounds.
1500 meters or 13.5 laps, it 's the longest and the last lap of the competition.
The winner will be taken into account according to the time needed to cross the finish line. It is mandatory that the levels are designed before the race announcement and that the track is prepared for the race. The expected times must be discussed by all judges and finalized. Sometimes during training the length of the track varies.
Speed Skating - Equipment
Equipment used in speed skatingvaries for short track and long track . For the short track, the necessary equipment are speed skates, a spandex skin suit, a protective helmet, specific anti-cut skating gloves, knee and shin guards (in combination), a protector -neck and ankle protection are required. Protective glasses are optional. National level skaters must wear a cut resistant Kevlar suit to protect themselves from the blade of other skaters during the fall.
For long runs the equipment is the same as above. Helmet, shin guards, knee pads and neck protector are not required. Eye protection is optional. It is not necessary to wear a Kevlar suit as the hood is integrated inside the suit.
Wetsuits for the skin
Skaters prefer wetsuitsBody-hugging lycra for less air resistance. Kevlar patches (integrated) protect vital parts of the body. For each player, the skin suit is designed by taking the overall measurement of the body parts. The chest, waist and thigh are measured, then the drawing is done. For normal reasons, there are preset sizes that can easily suit skaters who are willing to afford the wetsuit.
The boots used in this sport are made of graphite and kevlar. The reinforcement at the ankles counteracts the centrifugal force during skating. It is more common in people with different foot length. So the selection of the boots should be done well.
The length of the foot should be measured and whether the foot of 'a player is wide, it is suggested to give an extra length of 5-7 mm for more comfort.
The length of the lsoul is between 14 and 18 inches. They are curved to the left to help turn. The ice thrusts on the player depend on the length of the blade. Longer blades get more ice push on the player.
In addition to the above equipment, speed skaters also use a number of protective equipment to protect their body parts.
Speed Skating - Rules
The races take place in an anti-clockwise direction on a 400-meter oval. Usually two skaters are allowed to run at a time. For each lap, the skaters must change lanes.
The priority is followed by the skater changing lanes from the outside to the inside. False starts, imminent and internal cuts to the track may disqualify a competitor. If the race is missed or if the runner falls, he or she has the option of running at nagain the distance. Only time is taken into account for the comparisons. There are no playoffs or finals in sport.
It 's not surprising that accidents do happen in all sports, but the impact varies. During skating, collisions do occur and can sometimes lead to disasters. But, a Pre-planned collision is taken for disqualification and the knocked down player is sent to the next level. To reduce the effect, safety precautions are taken.
A false start is considered a fault but there is only one chance before being disqualified.
Skaters must not change position upon reaching the finish line.
Before calling a relay player , each skater must complete at least one race lap .
If the player slips and falls, the fourth player enters play or the player is attorisé to restart the race from the same point where he fell.
After three skaters have crossed the finish line, the fourth player will not be counted for the race.
Players may be disqualified for blocking, pushing, forcing other runners out of position, using legs, hands or arms to impede the progress of their competitors .
Speed skating - How to play? h1>
The general objective of speed skating is to skate on the ice with a team having a strategy to win. The goal is to reach the finish line in a limited time. It takes focus, training and strength.
The three steps to start the race are -
- The referee says: "Go to the Start ".
- The referee asks to be "Ready ".
- After 1 or 1.5 seconds, the starting shot is taken and the race begins.
Speed skating - Prerequisite
Skating takes place on an oval track on a 30 m by 60 m ice rink. With tight turns, this makes the skaters difficult to control. Thus, for protection, the panels should be covered with a polyurethane foam mat at least 20 centimeters thick and 1 meter high. Mats should be covered with cut and water resistant material and should be secured to the boards. As the race takes place at high speed, the risks of accidents are close at hand. Skaters should therefore be aware of safety precautions to avoid injury in sport.
The chief sports official closest to the skaters is the referee . He determines when the race should start. He checks the surface of the ice which must be resurfaced in a timely manner to maintain the surface smooth and friction. They can sayqualify skaters for having committed an infraction. In addition, they can pass a skater to the next round if he / she has been knocked down by another skater.
Speed Skating - At the Start
When the skaters receive a starting signal, it is the responsibility of the starter to start the race. If the skaters have made a false start, they have a chance before being disqualified. When the Go S hot is drawn, all players should start moving forward. The clock starts at the same time. Keeping the body balanced, moving forward while skating on the ice and keeping an eye on other players so as not to hit them is the main objective of the sport.
The most important thing in sports to remember is that the races are counterclockwise. If the skaters are found guilty of knocking down other players, the culprit will be disqualified and the knocked down skater will advance to the next level. There will be a number of tbear in the race and a bell rings as a notification of the last lap. In this sport, a player must reach the finish line with minimum time compared to the rest of the players.
The player who completes all the laps with a minimum time is declared the winner. If a player falls without someone else's action, he can continue the race from the start or at a certain distance with the stopwatch paused. He can also resume the race on his own and his pursuit in the race will not interfere with other players with their flow.
The overflow is formally authorized, but the entire responsibility for any collision rests with the skater who overtakes the other players. The lapping skaters are moved outside by the referee. A second lap may result in the skater leaving the race. At the top of the bend, overtaking is not easy. Players should therefore be aware and an experienced player should notnever exceeds in such a situation.
Speed Skating - Practice
For practice, skating will be organized as a training session on dry land with wheeled boots. Skaters must be in a straight line from the end of the turn to the finish line. An inside or outside turn is considered a disqualification. Another criterion for disqualification is the change of course at the finish. The player who is inside should stay inside until the end and skate outside should be outside. Changing the course may result in disqualification. In the form of non-individual competition, two teams of three to four players are allowed to compete at a time. Both teams stay in the inside lane throughout the race.
They start from different sides of the ice rink. A runner is allowed to drop off and stop the race if four players are in the team. Up to'until the third player crosses the finish line, the time will run out. The last player reaching the finish line is not so necessary for the sport. The appearance of the fourth player is only an option in the sport.
Relay racing is another part of the sport. It consists of four teams and four players per team. Each skater must take a lap on the track. Skaters exchange turns in the rotation, only with those off the track who are resting, covering the skaters or preparing to take turns. To maintain speed and momentum, it is common for the incoming skater to crouch and be pushed by the replaced skater.
Speed Skating - Variants
Speed skating is primarily played for recreation and amusement. Different types of sports variations are given in brief.
It is a skating sport consisting of an man and a woman. The couples should rotate as a team like a dance holding each other. In this variant, jumps and throws are not allowed. Typically, dancers are not expected to achieve more than a two-arm separation.
A short track is 111 meters long with more safety precautions like guards etc. Both men and women can participate actively in this sport. It is a small distance race event with more precautions security.
Long track is 400 meters in the first stage with less guards and suit armor considered short track. It 's also for men and women, but the distance to be covered by women is less than that of men. Time is the deciding factor of the winner. In this sport, the combination with less guardes will be used.
Speed Skating - Champions
The All-Round Speed Skating World Championships are held annually and consist of a series of events for speed skating competitions to determine versatile speed skater.
The first championship for men began in 1893, while for women it began in 1936. Since then, competitions are held at the same time and place each year. The championship is held as a two-day event where skaters run 500 and 1000 meters each day. The date is usually in January.
The skaters from all over the world participate with great enthusiasm. The championships held around the world are as follows -
- World Allround
- World Sprint
- World Single Distance
- World Short Track
- Olympic Games
Let's talk nowbriefly emerging from the careers of some of the speed skating champions.
Michel Mulder is a Dutch speed skater. He was the champion of the 2014 Olympic Games by winning gold in the 500m. He also won a bronze medal at the same Olympic Games. He also competed in world championships in which he won two gold medals in the sprint.
He won a gold medal in 2013 and a gold in 2014 at the world championships. Another Championship he has competed in is the World Single Distance Championships in 2012 and 2015 and has won a silver medal every year.
Joey Cheek is an American speed skater specializing in short and medium distance races who has won three medals at the Olympics, including a gold, a silver and a bronze. won theGold in the 500m, silver in the 1000m at the 2006 Olympics and bronze at the 2002 Olympics in the 1000m.
He also participated in world championships in which he won one gold and three bronzes. He won gold and bronze in the 2006 and 2005 sprint respectively and two bronzes in 2003 in the 1000m.
Bonnie Blair is an American speed skater who won five gold medals and a bronze at three Olympics. She won the first gold medal at the 1988 Olympics in the 500 meters and a bronze in the 1000 meters.
In 1992, she won two medals in the Olympic Games. gold, one in the 100m and the other in the 500m races. Also at the 1994 Olympics, she won two gold medals, one each at 500m and 1000m. also won three gold, four silver and two bronzes at the world championships.
Christa Rothenburger is a speed skater from East Germany. She has won numerous medals in various competitions.
At the 1984 and 1988 Winter Olympics, Rothenburger won a gold medal in the 500m and 1000m respectively. She also won a silver medal at the 1988 Olympics in the 500m.
At the 1992 Olympics, she won a bronze medal in the 500m. In the world sprint competition, she won two gold, two silver and four bronzes. In the World Cup, she won four gold medals and two silver.