Speedway - Basics
Speedway - Basics
The game is fairly straightforward and the rider who crosses the finish line first is considered the winner. The beauty of the game lies in the many challenges that the pilot has to face.
This is a motorcycle sport that has a maximum of six riders participating in four anti-clockwise laps of an oval circuit. These motorcycles have one speed and no brakes. Usually the tracks are oval and flat and are filled with earth, loosely packed shale or dolomite. These tracks can be seen in Australia and New Zealand.
The speedway track is oval in shape and the rules for its construction are established by the International Motorcycling Federation (FIM). The track consists of two straight sections which are connected by two semicircles. The length of the track can be between 260 m and 425 m. The slope must not be greater than 5% in the sectionstraight and 10% on bends. It should also be constant from the inside edge to the security fence.
The width of the track is 10 meters in the straight sections and 14 meters in the turns. One of the straight sections has a white mark which is also doors . From this white mark, the riders start the race and drive the motorcycle counterclockwise.
The FIM also established the rules regarding the motorcycles to be used in racing. Previously, bicycles consisted of vertical motors, but now racing bikes rests are used because of their easy handling. There are no brakes in the bikes and to start the race and release the bikes, clutches are used. The fuel used in the bike is methanol which increases the rate compression. This gives power to the engine which increases speed up to 130 km / h.
The following criteria must be verified for a bike to be used in racing -
The capacity should be 500cc.
Must have four-stroke single cylinder engine, with carburetor and spark plug.
A dust collector must be installed.
A silencer should be installed in order to reduce noise
The width of the handlebars should be between 650mm and 850mm mm.
The track length is between 260m and 425m and a pilot can cover four laps in one minute. In a straight line, the speed can reach 110 km / h but in the bends, the speed slows down, which lowers the average. If the runner starts the race correctly, then he has the advantage over the other runners. The runners who find the gripping part gain speed.