Amateurs tend to play on solid steel tables separated by concrete or any other solid material.
The table is 1.525 m (5.0 feet) wide and 2.74 m (9.0 feet) in length. It is designed to give a uniform rebound of 23 centimeters (9.1 inches) when balle standard is typed on the table from a height of 30 centimeters (11.8 inches). The entire table is made of one uniform material. The net used to divide the table is 6.0 in. (15.25 cm) high.
Table tennis - Equipment
The table may be the main equipment needed to play ping pong, but it is not the only thing required. Players also need a racket or racket and a ping-pong ball to accompany the game.
Racket / Paddle
The term is constantly changing depending on the country where it is played. As for Great Britain, she is a bat; in the USA it is called paddle . The term followed by ITTF is racquet .
The racquet is laminated and rubber coated on either side or both sides depending on the player. The player, depending on his grip, decides whether he needs the rubber on one or both sides.
Le manche racquet is called a blade . This blade could be made of many different materials ranging from fiberglass, cork, carbon fiber, Kevlar to aluminum fiber. But ITTF recommends that at least 85% of the paddle be made of wood. The woods to use are cypress and Korina. The bat is typically 6 inches wide and 6 inches long.
The precision of the ball is determined by making it bounce on a flat, even surface 12 inches high. If the ball is bouncing about 9.4-10.2 inches, then this particular ball is perfect for the game.
L 'ITTF has established certain rules for the size and weight of the ball. A ball 40 millimeters in diameter and as light as 2.7 grams should only be used for playing table tennis.
Usually the balls are made in white or yellow.The color may vary depending on the color of the table as well.than the environment. The ball is plastic only and must be approved by the ITTF. The quality of the ball is displayed by the manufacturers with a star ranging from one to three, with three being the highest.
Table Tennis - Terms
Many terms are used in a game of table tennis to describe points, fouls, etc. A list of some of the frequently used terms is given below.
Heavy - Used to describe high rotation.
Blade - Wooden part of the racket.
Anti-spin - A defense spin used to confuse the opponent or even in reaction to a strong spin. High level players rarely use this technique, but it is well known to amateurs. The player uses the studded side of the rubber of the racquet.
Reverse rubber - The smooth side of the rubber is used for playing and lThe pimpled side is glued to the bat. The smooth side gives more effect because there is a larger contact area.
Pimples (Pips) - The rubber side of the racquet gives different spin effects unlike the reverse rubber. There is not a lot of contact surface on this side of the racket.
Crossover - Changed st roke from forehand to backhand. A player must change his stroke as it is often an easy target for attacking. It is not easy to do a favor in this area.
Tight - A very difficult comeback for the opponent. It 's usually a combination of spin and powerful blow.
Loose - A weak return that has insufficient spin or hit or both, and is easy for the opponent to play.
Early - It is about throwing the ball.
Late - The fall of the rebound of thea ball.
Loop - A powerful shot that usually dominates the spin of the incoming ball.
Multi-Ball - A ball robot or other player continuously feeds another player in training. This method is used to reduce the waste of time.
Penhold - This is a style used to hold the paddle. It looks like holding a T-pen.
Shakehand - Hold the paddle with the index finger perpendicular to the handle. This is the most common way to hold the racquet and it looks like holding the racquet in tennis.
Sandwich rubber - This is to describe the inverted rubber with sponge.
Speed glue - As the name suggests, it is a glue with highly volatile solvents, used to glue a rubber sponge on the blade (the wooden part of the racket). This increases the speed of the coup.
Third Ball - It is a stroke which is struck by the server in response to the opponent 's stroke after the serve. This is the first attacking move in a table tennis rally.
How to play table tennis?
The game usually starts with deciding who will serve first and who will receive. The game begins after deciding which player will serve first.
Serve and Return
The game begins with the serving player. The ball is lifted at least 16 centimeters in the air without any effect and is struck by the racket in such a way that it hits the server. side of the court once before going onto the receiver's court without hitting the net.
A collection of unmarked results is called Let . This can happen for a number of reasons, but a few are -
There are many scenarios where a player gets points. Some are -
If the ball hits something, not the net, before reaching the opponent.
If the opponent does not return or does a service.
If the player hits the ball with the wooden part of the racket, not the rubber part, then the opponent scores a point.
When the receiver completes 13 returns in an exchange, under accelerated system.
The player gets a point when the opponent obstructs the ball.
Alternation of serves
The serve may change depending on the point of play of the match. Whoever wins the rally, the serve keeps changing between opponents. A Deuce is played, when bothplayers have ten points each and each player serves for one more point. Service and reception do not change in Deuce.
The players change sides of the table at the end of each game. When one of the players scores five points first, the players change ends regardless of the turn of service. If the players fail to switch sides or if they serve out of turn, points are still calculated and play resumes from there.
Types of strokes
Typically, strokes in table tennis are offensive and defensive strokes .
Kick - This is a very powerful run with more speed and less or no spin at all. This kind of shot is difficult to return, but it is usually played to keep the ball in play. The paddle is perpendicular to the direction of the shot.
Smash - Like the name itself, it is ablow which is very powerful. Usually played to return a serve too high or too close to the net. A lot of acceleration and precision are required to deliver this race. It is a combination of backswing and high speed. The trajectory of the ball is changed with the sidepin. The main goal of the smash is high speed and rebound, so that the opponent cannot hit the ball.
Loop - This attack gives the ball more spin than speed. The racket is parallel to the direction of the stroke. This type of shot results in a topspin and jumps a little forward after hitting the opponent's side of the table.
Backstroke - This shot, if delivered with correct precision, could be as good as a smash. When the ball is hit immediately after bouncing off the table, a kickback results. To make this stroke, the bat must be very close to the ball.
Flick - When the backswing is compressed into a short wrist motion, it hits. Usually played by participants, when the ball has not rebounded over the edge of the table. This stroke is usually played to be of service and when there is not much room for the backswing. It might look like a loop in the way it's played.
Push - This hit causes a backspin and slowly floats the ball in the air on the opponent's side. This attack is popular by name slice in Asia. This stroke can be difficult to return due to the action This serve can land very close to the net and is difficult for amateurs to play. However, experienced players could return this serve with a loop and put the opponent in a difficult position.
Block - This move may seem easy, but could destroy the opponentre. You do not hit the ball, but simply place the racquet so close to the ball, that it hits the racquet just after its rebound. Blocking could change which side of the ball lands on the table, which can be of great benefit as the opponent could not judge the ball. Usually en bloc, the ball is returned with the same energy and angle at which it was served. This shot can have a topspin and can render the opponent helpless. Experienced players tend to return this serve with a loop or smash
Chop - This is the backspin equivalent of loop. This strike is made when the ball lands almost at the end of the table. Therefore, the strike is very heavy and requires more energy. This backspin is usually a return to the opponent 's topspin. If played well, the ball is horizontal to the table in the air with a small rise. Chop is extremely difficult to return. SSome players may demonstrate chopping variations such as non-spinning impact or lateral spinning.
Lob - This strike propels the ball to a height of approximately 5 meters, to land on that of the opponent. table with the highest rotation. A good defensive lob is so effective that it can be used as a return to the smash. Coming back to this strike, players usually step back from the table for about a few yards and run towards the table to hit the ball with maximum speed and force. This strike is very powerful due to its unpredictability of rotation.
A game - When one of the players scores 11 points, he / she is declared the winner of that particular game. If both players reach 10 points, then the player who gets two points before the other is declared the winner of the game.
One match - According to ITTF, one match is best of impair of games. Usually a match consists of 3, 5 or 7 games.
Table tennis - Types of spins
The spin plays a very important role in table tennis. The effect of spinning can change the whole game. We will discuss Here are the different types of spins that we see in table tennis.
Backspin - This spin is generally used to keep the ball low and in play. This spin is difficult to flip and therefore is used a lot during the serve. The ball spins away from the player and therefore it is difficult to hit the ball. To go back, the smash can be used but it must be very close to the net and at full energy.
Topspin - The trajectory of the ball is perpendicular to the axis of the turn. The ball dives downward before bouncing and approaching the opposing side. To reverse this rotation, the player must adjust the angle of their racket. This n is not as fast as the backspin but is mainly used to make the opponent less chance to respond.
Sidespin - It is used a lot in service, because the trajectory of the ball is vertical. Sidespin does not have much effect on the rebound of the ball. This move is called a hook .
Corkspin - This spin is called drilling. The trajectory of the ball is more or less parallel to the axis of rotation. This spin is not as efficient as the ones mentioned above and can be returned with a backspin or a smash. To make the corkspin more efficient, it is usually combined with one or more varieties of pirouettes.
Table tennis - Types of grips
The grip in table tennis is the way a player holds the racket. There are three different styles of holding a bat and different players have one or both styles of holding the bat.
This take has its endom, because it looks like holding a pen. Here the player’s middle, ring and little fingers are wrapped around the racket. This style of racket holding is called Chinese Penholding . Even though many players ha ve this way of holding the racquet, their style of play is completely different.
Another style of penhodling is Japanese / Korean style. In this style, all three fingers are on the back of the racket. Players who have Chinese feather style prefer a round racquet head, while those with Korean style prefer a square shaped racquet head.
Usually players who have a feather style do not use the other side of the racket. But, in the 1990s, the Chinese developed a reverse grip technique in which the player also uses the other side of the racket.
As the name suggests, this type of handle looks like a handlehand. This grip is also referred to as a western grip because many players in Europe and America use this style of racket hold.
The Shakehand handle looks easy and it 'sa very versatile style. So, it started even in China and now many top Chinese players are also using this technique. Apparently, players feel this technique more easily than penhold, as it gives a wide playing field.
This handle is named after Danny Seemiller , as he is who used this technique. To have this kind of grip, you have to place your thumb and forefinger on each side of the racquet and the rest of the fingers should be placed in the lower part.
This method is used to distract the opponent as contrasting rubbers can be placed on both sides of the blade. This technique gives great curls on the right side.
Table tennis - Variants
Table tennis is a game that can be played in singles as well as in a team of two people. We will discuss the different variations of table tennis in this chapter.
Singles table tennis
Singles table tennis is played between two individuals, one on each side. Both must earn points to win the game.
Double table tennis
Doubles table tennis was introduced at the Commonwealth Games in 2002 and the Olympic Games in 1988. A line is created to cut the court in half and create two different courts for the two individuals. The service should be performed so that the ball bounces at least once in the right zone before it bounces off the opponent's right zone. If this is not how the serve is done, the opponents gain a point.
If X and Y are paired opposite to U and V. Then X is the server vers U or V. If X serves, then U or V could be the receiver and when Y serves U or V could be the receiver. This applies vice versa.
After getting five points in the game, players must change the ends of the table.
Table tennis in mixed doubles
In mixed doubles, the teams on both sides have a male player and a female player. The rules are the same as those for the male or female double.
Table tennis - Tournaments
Table tennis tournaments are famous in Asia and Europe. Nowadays, they are also gaining popularity in the United States. The most important tournaments are -
World Table Tennis Championships
This competition was initially held in 1926 but has subsequently been held every two years since 1957. Five events Individuals make up this tournament together - Men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles, women's doubles, mixed doubles.
CupWorld Table Tennis
This has been an annual competition since 1980. The Women's Singles was introduced in 1996 and team competitions in 1990.
Men's and Women's World Cups - All matches so far were the best of the 7 in which they have 3 stages.
The preliminary phase - Intercontinental Cup - The four representatives of Latin America, Africa, Oceania and North America face each other with all group members on a group basis. The winner of this group joins the 15 remaining players in the 1st stage.
The 1st stage or group stage - The 16 players are divided into 4 groups, so that all members of a group play with each other . The
Stage 2 (KO) - The quarter-finals and semi-finals are knockout rounds. The winner of the quarter-finals qualifies for the semi-finals and the winner of the semi-finals advances to the final.
Quarter-finals - Four quarter-finals (Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4) are classified according to the final groups and the rankings of the 1st stage. The Q1 to Q4 are as follows - A1 against B2, B1 against A2, C1 against D2 and D1 against C2.
Semi-finals - These matches are among winner of Q1 and winner of Q2, and winner of Q3 vs winner of Q4.
The finals are played by the winners of the semi-finals, and those who did not win the semi-finals compete for the next position.
Table tennis was introduced to the Olympics in 1988. It was originally played in singles and doubles form by men and women.
In table tennis, the Olympic Games have alwaysdays been dominated by the Chinese. They have won 24 gold medals and in just 28 events.
ITTF World Tour
This tournament was introduced in 1996, known as ITTF Professional Tour, but changed to year 2011 .
This tournament is played under six categories: men's and women's doubles, men's and women's singles and M in and women's under-21 matches.
This tournament has its own points system. The players with the most points could be invited to the ITTF World Tour Grand Final.
Trophies are awarded to the winners of each individual match, which must be returned for the next championship.
Swaythling Cup for Men's Team - The first ITTF President donated it in 1926.
Iran Cup for men's doubles - At the 1947 World Championships, thisaward was presented for the first time.
St. Bride Vase for Men 's Singles - C. Corti Woodcockin 1929 donated this award in London.
Corbillon Cup for Women 's Team - In 1933, Marcel Corbillonin donated the Corbillon Cup.
WJ Pope's Trophy for Women's Doubles - ITTF General Secretary WJ Pope in 1948 donated the Pope's Trophy.
Heydusek Cup for mixed doubles - Gift of Zdenek Heydusekin 1948.
Tennis Table Tennis - Champion of Champions
The Table Tennis Hall of Fame was established in 1993 for the recognition of extraordinary actors. The list is approved by the ITTF and every two years eligibility is renewed. In 1991, when this concept was introduced, eligibility was that the player had to have won at least five gold medals at the Olympics or the World Championship. Seehere are some champions who have inscribed their name forever in the world of table tennis -
It is l One of the greatest table tennis players who won six medals at the World Championships in 1989-1997. Deng from China started playing table tennis at the age of 5. She won her debut national championship, when she was only 13 years old.
She won her first World Doubles Championship with Qiao Hong in 1989 and the first World Singles Championship in 1991, even after being denied a spot on the national team due to her height of 4ft 11in.
Even after retiring at a very young age of 24, she left as the world No. 1 in women's table tennis, she won four Olympic gold medals and world championship titles in singles and doubles in 1995, 1997. She won is deserved the title of world champion18 times.
He was born in Budapest, Hungary in 1911. He was the record holder of World Champion 5 times, with 40 medals. He won 8 times World Doubles and English Tournament Barna was inducted into the International Table Tennis Foundation Hall of Fame in 1993. He is also the author of a few books on table tennis, including "Your Book tennis "and" How to win at table tennis "are quite popular.
One of the notable players in the world of table tennis, Richard Bergman was the winner of 7 world championships including four singles, one men's double, two team titles. He had won 22 medals in total. Not just an incredible player, he was one of 12 members who founded the ITTF Hall of Fame.
Ma Long is a table tennis champion from China.ranked number 1 in January 2016. At the start of his career he won the ITTF Championships but was unable to make it to the World Championships.
In 2013, he won the China Open and the Asian Championships. In 2014, he also won the Asian Championship. The same year, at the WTTC championship, he won all sets and received the Victor Barna award. Also in 2015, he won numerous championships and is now player number 1.
Ding Ning is a table tennis player from China who won world championships in 2011 and 2015. These two wins were in women's singles.
In women's singles, she won the Asian Championships in 2009 and finished second at the 2012 Olympic Games. In women's doubles, she was a finalist at the 2009 World Cup and winner of the Asian Championships in 2009.