Tenpin Bowling - Quick Guide
Tenpin Bowling - Overview
Tenpin bowling is a sport where players attempt to hit 10 pins placed at the end of a wooden lane using a bowling ball. The pins at the end of the track are arranged in a triangle shape by an automated machine. Depending on the number of pins used or the type of bowling ball used, different countries have different variations of the game.
In this game, players try to score points by knocking down as many pins as possible using the bowling ball. Players must hold the ball using the three-finger drills on the ball. Based on the number of pins eliminated, the player gets points. After ten rounds, the player who scores the maximum points becomes the winner.
A little history of bowling
The origin ofs bowling games are still obscure. British anthropologists have discovered bowling balls in Egyptian tombs dating to around 3200 BC. Some historians also claim that it originated in Germany around 300 AD. The first written reference to the game is 1366. King Edward III of England banned this game so that the troops would focus more on practicing archery.
A place in Southampton, England claims to be the oldest bowling lawn since 1299, still in operation. Nine pin bowling was introduced to the United States by Europeans during colonial times. Later it became very popular and is also called Bowl on the green . The first indoor bowling alley was done in New York in 1840.
In 1895, prominent bowling leaders came together in New York to form the American Bowling Congress (ABC) and it acstarted to standardize the rules of the game of bowling. In 1916, Women’s International Bowling Con gress (WIBC) was also formed. During the 1950s the popularity of the sport peaked and membership in ABC and WIBC gradually increased during this phase.
Night clubs as well as restaurants have started to introduce indoor bowling clubs all over the world. By the mid-1960s, there were nearly 12,000 bowling alleys in the United States.
Both as a sport and as an entertainment, bowling is very popular around the world. It is also the second highest sport in the world in which players participate. Today there are over 100 million bowlers in over 90 countries around the world. There is also an active movement to make bowling a part of Olympic sports. He was entered in the eight shortlisted sports to be included in the Games ol2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo.
Some of the countries where bowling is famous both as a sport and entertainment include England, United States, Finland, Australia, Sweden, Denmark, Canada, germany, colombia and korea.
Tenpin Bowling - Playing Environment
Tenpin bowling is played on a smooth, narrow surface called a lane . A foul line is there at the start of the lane which should not be crossed by players while bowling. At the end of the track, the pins are arranged in a triangular fashion. The length between the pins and the foul line is 60 feet. About 15 feet from the foul line there is a set of guide lines.
On the other side of the track there are gutters. If the ball falls out of the way, it falls into the gutter and goes past the pins. The approach zone is 15 feet long and ends at the foul line. Here the player holds thee ball and roll it down the lane while establishing a good balance. The width of the track is 41.5 inches and consists of 39 timber.
At the end of the track, the pins are arranged in four rows with one pin in the first row, two pins in the second row, three pins in the third and four pins in the last row. The pins are not numbered but the positions in which they are placed are numbered. The track is protected by 18 millimeters of oil which begins 4 inches from the fault line and is applied 38 feet in the lane from that point.
Tenpin Bowling - Equipment
Ten-Pin Bowling is a game in which two main equipments are used. equipment includes a ball and ten pins. The player must hit the pins with the ball.
A bowling ball is one of the basic bowling equipment that is used to hit the pins in the game. Previously, in the 1960s, hard rubber balls were used in the game which were replaced by polyester balls in the 1970s.
In the 1980s, polyurethane was introduced to make the balls. In modern bowling, reactive resin balls and particle balls are used.
The way the finger holes are arranged on the ball which decide the movement of the ball in the lane. There are three finger drills on a bowling ball to carry the ball with your fingers. In the United States, players prefer balls with exercises intended for their middle and ring fingers as well as the thumb with which they will throw the ball.
The ball used is generally not shallow on the inside. The diameter of a ten-pin bowling ballles is 8.5 inches with a circumference not exceeding 27 inches. The weight of the ball must be less than a maximum of 16 pounds. Except for the grids, the ball has a smooth surface.
The pins are used as target in the bowling. The height of a bowling pin is 16 inches and the width is 4.7 inches. The weight of the bowling pin should be between 3 pounds 6 ounces and 3 pounds 10 ounces. For pins, the weight of a single pin should not exceed 4 ounces if there are wood or plastic coatings. For a synthetic pin, the weight should be 2 ounces.
The top of a pin should have a uniform arc with a radius of 1.273 ± 1⁄32 inch. Each bowling pin is only allowed 2 voids in the belly area. Voids are needed to balance the narrower top part with thelower wider, otherwise the spindle would be too heavy to fall properly.
The pins are usually made of maple wood with rock stocks glued to its bottom. The outer part is covered with plastic. In some cases, synthetic materials are also used instead of wood. Synthetic pins are not permitted in ten pin bowling.
How to play ten pin bowling?
The game consists of 10 rounds called frames . In a single image, each player has two chances to knock down all the pins at the end of the lane. In a 10 pin bowling game, there are a total of 10 pins. At the end of the game, the final score is calculated taking into account the 10 images.
The player begins the game by playing bowling as the first chance of a single frame. If in one chance he succeeds in knocking down all ten pins, this is called a strike and the frame is over. After the first ball, if there are any pins that have not been knocked down, the player is given a second chance. The pins that are knocked down first are counted and removed.
Once the pins are knocked out, the player rolls the ball the second time and if he succeeds in knocking down all the second chance pins , this is called a spare . If there are multiple players scheduled on the lane, play proceeds to the next player until all players have completed bowling.
The ten pins are automatically arranged by a machine in the shape of an equilateral triangle at the end of the route. Each pin is 30cm apart from the other. Distance is measured from center to center. The pins are numbered according to their position and the pin in the first position is called a head pin . The numberingion continues in the right direction.
Due to the large spacing between balls as well as the small size of the ball, it is not possible to drop all pins by contact with the ball. So players choose different tactics in their shots, which would cause a chain reaction between the pins, causing them all to fall.
For a right-handed bowler, if the ball only hits the 1 th , the 3 th , the 5 th and the 9 th spindle, chain reaction occurs and it can knock down all the pins.
For left-handed bowler, bowling at 2 nd , 4 th , 6 th and 8 th positions are ideal for a full knockdown.
The process of each pin falling off due to a chain reaction is also called pin scattering .
Brooklyn is a special type of strike in which a player gets a strike by hitting the pins in the opposite pocket from which he / she threw the ball. In the case of the right-handed bowler Brooklyn occurs when the ball goes through 1-2 pockets and in the case of the left-handed bowler the ball crosses 1-3 pockets This strike is also known as the jersey side . b>.
After the hit, if a pin wobbles or if the automatic machine picks up a pin while it is still wobbling, it is considered standing and no point is given because of this pin. Likewise, if a pin is moved from its position, it does not change its designation.
Ball Release Tricks
Players choose different tricks while releasing the ball onto the lane in sequence to achieve a perfect shot. There are mainly two types of post styles. Players can either release the balldirectly, or release the ball with a hook. Most new players try techniques while experienced players go for hooks.
In case of straight outs, right-handed players aim for one to three pockets, while left-handed players aim for one to two pockets, which is ideal for a chain reaction between the pins. When hooked, the ball first moves straight but gradually turns to the opposite pocket. Players use different techniques to hook a ball.
There are mainly two ways to produce a hook. First, the players release their thumbs first, then their middle fingers and ring fingers simultaneously while releasing the ball down the lane. This gives the ball the required spin. a perfect hook.
In the case of a right-handed player, the perfect time to release the thumb is at 10 a.m. That meanse that while moving his hand to a position similar to 12-10 on a clock, he must release the ball for a perfect hook. For a left-handed bowler, the ideal position is 2 o'clock.
From players to players, the techniques and positioning of the thumb to get a hook vary. The second way to generate a hook is to hold the ball without your thumb in the thumb hole. In this case, bowlers typically use two of their fingers to generate a hook.
Research shows that ideal strokes penetrate pin pockets at a 6 degree angle. So players usually throw the ball to one side of the lane near the gutter. In some cases, players use one of their hands to use their fingers, while the other hand is placed on top of the ball in order to release it in the form of a shovel throwing. from the side.
In the case of extremely Ione or physically disabled, they are allowed to hold the ball with both hands and swing it between their legs. Usually, in this type of release style, players have to release the ball near the foul line. This is also called granny style .
Currently the shovel-style hook version is gaining popularity among players due to more revolutions and the speed it generates for knocking down pins.
Another technique is called a Bounce pass where players throw the ball from their chest towards the pins. This style is banned by many bowling communities because it causes damage to both the lane and the pins.
Another style of bowling is called save style where bowlers wave their wrists clockwise (for right-handed people) or in the opposite direction of the needlees of a watch (for left-handed people). This is very similar to releasing the hook where the ball moves in a curved path rather than a straight line.
A right-handed save follows a conventional left-handed path, while a left-handed save follows a conventional right-handed save path. C This is a trick that is more difficult for newcomers to learn. It can also cause wrist injuries with heavier balls.
Usually a ball bowling ball rolls vertically. If the thumb and finger holes are drilled in the correct places, the ball will grip perfectly. In Asian countries, where oil conditions are difficult and lane maintenance very poor, it's really hard to hang the ball on the way. In these places, the spinner UFO versions are more popular.
When released from a spinner, a ball will always slide on the track instead of rolling vertically regardless of the oil conditions of the track. The ball mostly takes an unconventional path through the pins, creating a domino effect to knock down the pins, which is quite rare in conventional versions.
The release of the spinner is performed by turning the ball counterclockwise until the hand is on the top of the ball; two fingers are at the 12 o'clock position and the thumb at the 6 o'clock position. While rel facilitating the ball, all fingers come out of the ball simultaneously. Spinning is more difficult to control and if not done correctly it can cause injury. Players in Taiwan and Hong Kong generally follow this type of version.
Tenpin Bowling - Score
In the event of a bowling overturn, a player scoresone point for each pin ground. Since there are two chances in a single image, the combined score of the two chances is the final score for that image. In the event that a player fails to knock down all ten pins even after a frame 's two chances, the frame is called an open frame .
If all ten pins are knocked down in a single image, bonuses are awarded to the player based on the number of chances he took to knock down all the pins. If all ten pins are knocked down by the player at the first chance, this is considered a strike. A warning is indicated by an "X" symbol in the score sheet.
In the case of a player scoring a strike, he gets 10 points for knocked down pins plus whatever is scored in the next two balls as a bonus point. This way the points scored in the next two images of the strike are counted fromux times. The bowler has the option of playing two additional balls if hitting the first ball in the 10th frame and an additional ball if scoring a spare at the second chance.
For example, if in the first frame the player hits a strike and in the first chance of the second frame he scores 5 and in the second chance of the same frame he scores 3, his total score for the first image will be 10 + 5 + 3 = 18 and for the second image, its score will be 5 + 3 = 8 for a total score of 18 + 8 = 26.
In the case of two consecutive hits in two consecutive frames, a player scores a double . In the event of a double, the player's score can be explained by an example. Suppose Frame 1 = 10 (Strike) and frame 2 = 10 (Strike), then in picture 3, if the player hits your pins in the first chance and four pins in the second chance, the total will be calculated as follows .
- Total frame 1 = 10 + 10 + 3 = 23
- Total frame 2 = 10 + 3 + 4 = 17
- Total image 3 = 3 + 4 = 7
- The total score of 3 images is 23 + 17 + 7 = 47
If a player scores three consecutive strikes in three frames, it scores a Turkey or a Triple . In the case of a turkey, the total score is explained below. Suppose frame 1 = 10 (Strike), frame 2 = 10 (Strike) and frame 3 = 10 (Strike) then in frame 4 if the player hits you pins in the first chance and four pins in the second chance. The totals will then be -
- Total Frame1 = 10 + 10 + 10 = 30
- Total Frame2 = 10 + 10 + 3 = 23
- Total Frame3 = 10 + 3 + 4 = 17
- Total Frame4 = 3 + 4 = 7
- The total score will be 30 + 23 + 17 + 7 = 77
Long consecutive hits
The longest consecutive hits are called by Llama (4 consecutive), pack (6 consecutive) mainly by local languages. Six consecutive hits are called wild turkeys , while nine consecutive hits are called golden turkeys . A game with 12 strikes is rare and is called a perfect game . It is also called a Thanksgiving turkey .
A clean game is a game in which a player shoots at least one striker or spare part in each frame. The maximum points that can be scored from a strike is 30. In the case of the 10th frame, if the player scores a strike, he / she will have two more chances. If he scores two more hits, for that image he will receive 30 points, which is also called indent .
In case of a reserve, when the player eliminates all the pins in the 2 nd chance of a frame, the player will receive 10 points plus the points createdhad in the next chance as a bonus. For example, in the first frame chance, a player hits six pins and in the second chance he hits four pins, then he scores a spare. Now in picture two, if the player hits three pins in the first chance and four pins in the second chance, the totals will be -
- Total of l 'image 1 = 6 + 4 + 3 = 13
- Total image 2 = 3 + 4 = 7
- The total score will be 13 + 7 = 20 for both frames.
The maximum score that can be scored in a single game is 300 with 12 consecutive hits, which is also called a perfect game. In the bowling scoring machine, different symbols are displayed for different instances. Here, "X" represents a strike, "/" represents a spare. A symbol - (dash) means that no pin has been knocked down in this frame while F indicates a fault.
BowTenpin ling - Rules
When a player crosses the foul line and touches the lane during bowling, a foul is awarded to the player. In the event of a fault, even if some pins are knocked down, they are not counted. A foul will be counted as a ball with a draw. If the player knocks down all the pins in the second chance after the foul, this will be considered a spare.
If less than 10 pins are knocked down in the second chance after a foul, it will be considered an error . In the event that a player scores a foul in the second chance of an image, only the score that was scored in the first chance will be considered as the total score for that specific image.
If a player scores a foul in the first chance of the 10 th frame, then knocks down all 10 pins on the second chance, it will be considered a spare and he / she will havea third chance to play. The reserve will be calculated from the last two balls. In the event of a fault in the third boule of the 10 th frame, only the scores of the first two boules of the 10 th frame will be taken into account in the total score.
Low According to the rules of the game, no appeal is allowed once the automatic machine signals a fault or the judge declares a fault. If the automatic machine stops working, a human judge will be appointed by the officials to check for faults. In Championship matches, opposing captains can act as a judge or designate anyone to check for faults.
In the event of a dead ball the chance is not counted and the player has another chance at the bowl. Cases where a ball is considered dead are -
When throwing the ball, if the player noticesue that some of the pins are missing in the configuration.
If a human bowler interferes and removes one of the pins before the player has rolled the ball or before the ball reaches the keels.
If a player plays on the wrong lane outside of his turn.
If a player is interfered with with a pinsetter, moving objects or by any spectator prior to the roll or during delivery, he may request a repositioning of the pins.
When the ball comes into contact with a foreign obstacle.
While playing, a player must follow certain basic rules bowling such as stopping excessive riding on the lane and refraining from using abusive language or obscene gestures during play. Wet shoes are not allowed as they damage the playing area.Players should be ready before their approach and should not delay play when setting up.
Tenpin Bowling - Champions
In the case of tenpin bowling, there are two world organizations that govern the sport and its rules. These organizations are BTBA (British Tenpin Bowling Association) and USBC (United States Bowling Congress). In England, all ten pin bowling events are sanctioned and governed by BTBA where USBC is the governing body in the United States.
Some of the ten pin bowling tournaments that are played around the world are -
- World Ten Pin Bowling Championships
- PBA World Championships
- European Bowling Tour
- BTBA National Championships
- WTBA World Championships
- Bowling Championships Commonwealth Tenpin Bowling
Tenpin bowling is a sport in which the bowler must hit all ten pins.them to get good scores. Now let's talk about some of the ten pin bowling champions and their careers.
Chris Barnes is an American bowler who won the PBA Rookie of the year in 1998 and PBA Player of the Year in the 2007-2008 season. is also the winner of the Triple Crown by winning the US Open, PBA World Championship and Tournament of Champions.
During his full career, he won 18 PBA Tour titles. He won the Motel 6 Roll to Riches tournament in 2005 and 2006. In recent years he has played in many tournaments but has achieved second or third place, in 2014 he won the AMF Qubica World Cup.
Bill O 'Neil
Bill O 'Neil is a tenpin bowler from North America who won world championship gold medals.e in 2010 and 2013. In the 2005-06 season he won the PBA Rookie of the Year award. In 2009, he won the first title of the PBA Tour by winning the PBA Chameleon Championship in which he defeated Ronnie Russel. That same year, he won the second PBA title by winning the Lumber Liquidators US Open.
In 2010 he won his third PBA title by winning the Pepsi Viper Championship. In 2012 he won the Aka Seltzer Plus Cold Cheetah Championship. In 2014, he won his fifth PBA title by winning the Lucas Oil PBA Badger Open. In 2015, he won his sixth PBA title by winning the PBA Oklahoma Open.
Jason Belmonte is an Australian tenpin player who uses the two-handed shovel style to pull the pins. He has won the PBA Player of the Year three times and is also a winner of 12 PBA titles. has begunto participate in the competition at the age of three and won the first event at the age of four.
Regarding titles, he won the European Bowling Tour, World Tenpin Masters Championships in 2007. In 2010 he won the Korea Cup. In 2009 he won his first PBA title and during the 2011-2012 season he won three PBA titles. Along with this, he also competed in Commonwealth Games in which he won a gold, a silver and two bronzes.
Tommy Jones is an American tenpin bowler who won the PBA Rookie of the Year in the 2001-02 season. He joined PBA in 2000 and so far he owns 16 PBA titles. During the 2004-2005 season, he won 20 out of 21 events, but failed to win the Player of the Year award.
During the 2005-06 season, he remport 20 out of 21 events, won the televised finals six times and four titles. He won two PBA titles in the 2006-07 season. In subsequent seasons he won the PBA titles and in the 2012-13 season he won the WBT International title. In 2015, he won the PBA title 16 times.
Mike Fagan is an American ten pin bowler who competes in PBA, WBT and EBT events. He has also competed at numerous international events while being part of the USA team. His PBA career began in 2002 and so far he has won five PBA titles of which two are of age.
He has got his first PBA title in 2007 when he won the PBA Exempt Doubles Classic. In 2010 he won his first singles title at the One-a-Day Dick Weber Open. In 2012 he won the Brunswick Euro Challenge , his third PBA title. He won his fifthth PBA title at the PBA World Championships.
Kelly Kulick is an American tenpin bowler who has won professional women's bowling titles and a PBA title three times. She has the honor of being the first woman to win the Professional Bowling Association title. She started her career in 2001 and won the Rookie of the Year award.
In 2003, she won the US Women's Open. The PBA Women 's Membership was launched in 2004 and in 2006 Kulick won exemption from the PBA Tour through which she was able to compete in the 2006-07 PBA season. Kulick has won many other competitions like PBA Senior Ladies and Legends in 2008, the PBA Women 's World Championships in 2009, USBC Queens in 2010 and many more.
Shannon O 'Keefe
Shannon O 'Keefe is an am bowlerAmerican tenpin who became five times world champion. She first became a member of the US team in 2005 and won numerous gold, silver and bronze medals in international competitions.
She has won the New York State Queens Title twice and Rochester New York Queens Title three times. In 2011, 2012 and 2014, she won the Texas Bluebonnet Queens title. In 2007 she competed in the US Women 's Open and was a finalistand in 2012 she won a third place at the US Women ' s Open.
Liz Johnson is an American professional tenpin player who has won the Professional Women 's Bowling Association tour 11 times. In 2004, she became a member of the Professional Bowlers Association (PBA). She became the first woman to qualify for the PBA tour. In 2005, she was awarded the titre PBA by winning East Region Kingpin Lanes Open. In 2007, she won the US Women's Open.
She won her first PBA title in the Don and Paula mixed doubles event. Her first singles title came in 2009 when she won the PBA Women's Series. In 2011, she won the gold medal at the WTBA Women's World Championship while playing for the US team. In 2015, she won the USBC Queens tournament.
Danielle McEwan is an American tenpin bowler who became a member of the team American in 2012. In 2015, she became a member of the Professional Women 's Bowling Association and won the Smithfield PWBA Tour Championship. In the same year, she won the South Point PBA West Challenge.
Elle also won the gold medal with her partner Kelly Kulick at the Women's World Bowling Championships.e of the US team that won the gold medal in the WBC Team Competition. In the masters competition, she won a bronze medal. In March 2016, she won the PBA WBT H.H. Emir Cup. entertainment>