Triathlon - How to play?
The rules of this sport are quite simples and they change from one competition to another. There are no restrictions on how to swim, cycle and run. There are two transitions between the two sports: one between swimming and cycling and a second transition between cycling and running.
The race time is calculated in five sections -
Swimming time - It is calculated from start of swim to start of transition.
Time T1 - It is calculated from the start of the transition to the end of the transition.
Cycling time - It is calculated from the start of cycling to the start of the second transition.
Time T2 - It is calculated from the start of the transition to the end of the transition.
Duration - It is calculated from the start of the race to the finish line.
Players switch from one sport to another in a designated place called place of transition . The first place of transition is between swimming and competitive cycling and the second place of transition is between cycling and running. Players change gear for the next event at these transition locations.
Starting the competition
The competition usually begins with swimming. Different methods are followed to organize the swimming competition. In case of a small number of participants, all the athletes enter the pool simultaneously and the competition starts while in case of a large number of participants the whole group is divided into smaller groups according to their age or the expected swimming time.
Usually in case of triathlon there is no pools or markers while swimming. Instead, players swim in open water, which makes it very difficult for players to get a good position during competition. Players usually tryto gain an advantage by selecting other competitors.
Start with swimming
In swimming, competitors use strokes less vigorously than in normal swimming competitions, which allows less strain on the legs because they need more leg strength to keep running while cycling and running. So they mainly use dolphin kicking techniques while swimming.
Players go through many altered and modified moves in order to swim against the turbulent water, which helps them conserve energy for other events. During the final part of the swim, players practice body surfing, which allows them to use the speed of the wave for their own swimming speed.
Open Water Swimming
In case of the open water scene, players sometimes have to go for observation, which includesend the fact of lifting the head during the swim to see the marker of the course. Players often make modified strokes while swimming, which helps them lift their heads above the water for a view without even interrupting the swimming process.
Transition from swimming to cycling
Each group enters the water every few seconds. Once the participant is out of the water, they move to the transition zone and change their wetsuits to put on a cycling suit. Here too, players apply different tricks to change combinations to reduce the transition time. Then the players start to compete against each other using their bikes on a marked course.
Cycling in triathlon differs widely from normal cycling competitions mainly because of drafting . Drafting is a technique in which players follow the wake of the forward player, which helps to reduce the effort required by 50%.ssaire on the pedal and is very useful for saving energy. Drafting is allowed in triathlon while it is not allowed in individual competitions.
Usually a group of players chooses a leader for the draft who works as the forward player while other players try to help them stay out of the way. wind. Over time, one by one, all the players take the place of the leader while the others stay in his wake.
The whole process of changing a leader over time and writing together while driving is known as paceline .
In order to reduce their transition time between swimming and cycling, players also tie their shoes to the bicycle pedal and instead of wearing them at the transition location, they start riding a bicycle as soon as the scoring line for swimming is finished, then wear their shoes in the middle. They avoidalso to use socks to save more time.
Transition from cycling to running
Once the players are done cycling, they walk to the running track picking up their bikes and quickly wear the combination of race and start running against each other on the running track. The race is the final event of the triathlon and the pla you must pass a finish line to complete the race.
After swimming and cycling, players facing running challenges are literally tired of muscle weakness. The transition from cycling and running has a profound effect on players, which leads to running at a slower pace than they are capable of. To avoid this, players do special training during their training phase, which is known as bricks
Competitors must cross the transition line in.ur start their respective races, ie after swimming and crossing. the transition point, he / she can only start cycling after crossing the transition line and the same goes for running. He / she can only start running after crossing the second transition finish line, otherwise this may result in disqualification.
Triathlon - Rules
Triathlon consists of three sports and each sport has different rules that players must follow.
Competitors can swim in any position as they wish and at ease. There is no restriction if they want to stand between the race and relax. The important rule is that a competitor can wear a wetsuit for swimming when the temperature is 78 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit.
Combinations are prohibited when the temperature is above 84 degrees Fahrenheit. It is strictlyProhibits players from using any type of floating material during the competition, which could result in disqualification of the player. Players may not throw any waste or equipment on the course during and after the event.
Rules of cycling
For cycling, the competitor must wear a helmet during the cycling event or he / she may be disqualified. The player must buckle the chin bar of his helmet before even getting on the bike. In this part of the sport, the competitor must not draft or block others during cycling and must allow them to overtake them, otherwise this may result in disqualification.
Even during drafting, the player must maintain a minimum of three bike length distance between the front players. Players are not permitted to propel the bicycle other than by pushing, including using the hands to push the bicycle. During the race, the players are not autoriented to leave the course and must respect the highway code.
Players are not allowed to wear or wear earphones, headsets or any type of mp3 player during the race. Players are strictly prohibited from playing. '' use foul, harsh or abusive language during the race, either towards each other or towards the event officials.
The competitor can run at his own pace and can even walk if he is tired. The race will be considered finished when the runner's upper body, i.e. torso, touches the running line. arrival and time will be noted. The runner must wear a helmet and shoes.
It is forbidden for players to throw rubbish on the course. During the race, players are required to to wear their bib at all times.The number must be clearly visible and cannot be folded or changed with another player during the race as this may result in ae disqualification.
Once the event is over, players must keep the equipment in the appropriate designated location in the transition area. Once the cycling event is over, players must place their bikes in the assigned bike corral. The bicycle wheel must be lowered to the assigned location. Players are not allowed to interfere with equipment and personal effects of others.
For all rule violations, specific penalties are based on the rules and regulations are rewarded. Most players are rewarded with time penalties and in some specific cases like use of helmet and bib disqualification is granted.
If players break the rules twice, respective time penalties are awarded. The second time violation usually results in a double time penalty compared to the first time violation.s. A third violation results in disqualification from the event.
Triathlon - Champions
The International Triathlon Union (ITU) is the international governing body for triathlon around the world. It was founded in 1989 to advocate the entry of triathlon into the Olympic Games. It also organizes triathlon events around the world. It has also been structured into five continental regions in order to organize different triathlon championships in these respective regions.
Some of the National and World Triathlon Championships are -
- ETU European Triathlon Championships Lisbon
- ITU World Triathlon Championship
- Olympic Triathlon
- Commonwealth Games
- Europe Championship
Now let's talk briefly about the careers of some of the champions who have stood out in triathlon.
Francisco Javier Gómez Noya
Francisco Javier Gómez Noya isoriginally from Galicia, Spain and is a professional triathlete. He competed twice in the Olympics in 2008 and 2012 and won a silver medal at the 2012 Olympics.
He won five gold, three silver and one bronze at the ITU World Championships.
Francisco also won three gold medals at the ITU World Cup and also won the 2014 Ironman 70.3 World Championship in 2014.
Alistair Edward Brownlee
Alistair Edward Brownlee is considered one of the best triathletes of the present day, Alistair Edward Brownlee is from West Yorkshire, England. He has competed in two both at the Olympics in 2008 and 2012 and won a gold medal at the 2012 Olympics.
He also won four gold medals and one bronze at the world triathlon championships and three gold medals at triathlon championships so far. He has also won twoCommonwealth Games gold medals for men as well as mixed team relay.
Bevan John Docherty
Bevan John Docherty is from Taupo, New -Zeeland and is a professional triathlete. He won a silver medal at the 2004 Olympics and a bronze at the 2008 Olympics, both in the individual category.
He also won a gold and a silver medal at the World Triathlon Championships in 2004 and 2008 respectively and also won a silver medal at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. He also competed in the Ironman 70.3 World Championship and won a bronze medal.
Luc Van Lierde
Luc Van Lierde is from Bruges, Belgium and is a retired professional triathlete. During his 20 years career, he won a silver medal at the 1996 World Triathlon Championships and also won two gold and two silver at the World Long Distance Championships.e ITU.
He also won the Ironman World Championship twice in 1996 and 1999 respectively. In 2009 he retired from the sport and since then he has been very active as a triathlon coach.
Peter John Robertson
Peter John Robertson is from Melbourne, Australia and is a professional triathlete. He has won a gold each at the triathlon world championships in 2001, 2003 and 2005 in the elite men's race.
He also won a bronze medal at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. He has competed twice at the Olympic Games in 2000 and 2004 and finished 34th and 24th in the respective events.
He is also a winner of the Australian Institute of Sport Athlete of the Year award with Robin Bell.
Vanessa de Sousa Fernandes
Vanessa de Sousa Fernandes is originally from Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal and is a retired professional triathlete. She competed twice in the Olympics in 2004 and 2008 and won aSilver medal at the 2008 Olympics.
She also won a total of 10 gold and 1 silver at the European Championships. She is the winner of the World Cup 12 times in a row. She received the Best Female Athlete of the Year award from CNID in 2006.
Emma Elizabeth Carney
Emma Elizabeth Carney is from Bourne End, England but later moved to Australia with her family. She is a professional triathlete.
She won the ITU Triathlon World Cup three times in 2004, 2005 and 2006 consecutively. Along with this, she also won two gold medals, one silver and one bronze at the ITU World Championships.
In 1999 she competed at the ITU World Duathlon Championships and won a silver medal.
She also won two gold medals, a ribbon and a bronze at the world championships in triathlon After suffering a cardiac arrest, shee retired from triathlon in 2004.
Lisa N ordén is from Skåne, Sweden and is a professional triathlete. She has competed twice in the Olympic Games in 2008 and 2012 and won the medal of Silver at the 2012 Olympics.
She won a gold, silver and bronze medal at the World Championships, and also won two bronze medals at the World Championships. 'Europe. She is also a winner of the U23 World Championship in which she won a gold medal.
Jodie Lee Stimpson
Jodie Lee Stimpson is from West Midlands, England and is a professional triathlete. She has won two gold medals at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in individual and mixed team. She also won the 2011 World Triathlon Championships as a team.
In addition to that, she also won the 2009 British Triathlon Championship and the winner of the British Super Triathlon Series 2010.
She alsoHe competed in the 2013 ITU World Triathlon Series and was a finalist.
Emma Moffatt is originally from New South Wales, Australia and is a professional triathlete. She competed twice at the Olympics in 2008 and 2012 and won a bronze medal at the 2008 Olympics.
She also won the World Championships twice in 2009 and 2010 in the individual category .
She was a bronze medalist at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in the mixed relay category. In 2007 and 2012, she received the Athlete of the Year award from Triathlon Australia.