Seven large offshore wind farms would be developed on the east and west coasts and in the Gulf of Mexico according to a plan announced Wednesday by the Biden Administration .
The projects are part of Joe Biden's plan to deploy 30 gigawatts of offshore wind power by 2030, generating enough electricity to power over 10 million homes.
Deb Haaland, the Home Secretary, said The department hopes to achieve lease sales by 2025 off the coasts of Maine, New York, and the mid-Atlantic, as well as the Carolinas, California, Oregon and the Gulf of Mexico. The projects could prevent an estimated 78 million metric tonnes of global warming carbon dioxide emissions, while creating up to 77,000 jobs, said officials.
"The interior department is working on an ambitious roadmape as we push forward the administration's plans to tackle climate change, create well-paying jobs and accelerate the country's transition to a cleaner energy future, ”Haaland said.
In addition to offshore wind, the Department of the Interior is working with other federal agencies to increase the production of renewable energy on public lands, Haaland said, with a target of at least 25 gigawatts of onshore renewable energy from wind and solar power by 2025.
Haaland and Amanda Lefton, director of the Bureau of Ocean of the department Energy , said officials hope to reduce potential conflicts with fishing groups and other its users from the ocean as much as possiblee. "This means that we will engage early and often with all stakeholders before identifying new areas for wind power," Lefton said in a statement.
Commercial fishing companies said planned offshore wind projects off the east coast would make it difficult to harvest valuable seafood species such as scallops and lobsters. Some conservation groups are also concerned that the large turbines could kill thousands of birds.
Biden has set a goal of deploying 30 gigawatts, or 30 000 megawatts of offshore wind power in the United States by 2030. Reaching the target could mean jobs for more than 44,000 workers and another 33,000 in related jobs, the White House said .
The office has completed its review of a construction and operations plan for the projectt Vineyard Wind 15 miles off the Massachusetts coast earlier this year. The agency is reviewing nine additional projects, including the South Fork Wind Farm near Long Island in New York and the Ocean Wind Project off New Jersey.
Vineyard Wind is expected to produce around 800 megawatts of power and South Fork around 132 megawatts. Ocean Wind, the largest project, has a total capacity of 1,100 megawatts, enough energy to power 500,000 homes across New Jersey.
L The administration is committed to dealing with the remaining 13 projects currently under federal review by 2025.
The agency for the Ocean Energy said it was targeting offshore wind projects in shallow waters near Long Island and New Jersey. Recent study shows region can support up to 25,000 development and construction jobs by 2030, ministry saidof the Interior.
Heather Zichal, former climate advisor to Barack Obama who now heads the American Clean Power Association, a renewable energy group, said Biden 's target for offshore wind was "ambitious but achievable ". Wind power was a key part of the goal of achieving 100% carbon-free electricity by 2035, he said. she said.
In a related announcement, the Department of Energy said it was spending $ 11.5 million to study the risks that the offshore wind development could pose birds, bats and marine mammals, and study changes in commercial populations of fish and marine invertebrates at an offshore wind site in the United States.st coast.
Department to spend $ 2 million for visual surveys and acoustic monitoring of marine mammals and seabirds at potential wind sites on the coast west.
"In order for Americans living in coastal areas to see the benefits of offshore wind, we must ensure that it is done carefully to the surrounding ecosystem by coexisting with fisheries and marine life - and that is exactly what this investment will do, "Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm said in a press release.