In 2017, the President of the United States shocked Washington's Western allies on his first trip to Europe, berating them for not having paid their "fair share " of the defense, by physically pushing un Prime Minister and another leader in a public handshake.
After four tumultuous years for transatlantic relations under Donald Trump, his Democratic successor Joe Biden Les words of friendship and the promise of "America is Back " as it meets Western allies this week and next are a welcome relief.
'is not enough, say diplomats and foreign policy experts.
Biden faces lingering doubts about America 's reliability as a partner. Leaders of the Group of Seven Advanced Economies, NATO and the European Union are worried about the pendulum swing in US politics and are looking for concrete actions and not words after the shock of the Trump years.
"Is this an interregnum between Trump 1.0 and Trump 2.0? No one knowst "said David O 'Sullivan, former European Union ambassador to Washington. " I think most people are of the opinion that we should take the opportunity with this administration to strengthen relationship and hope it can survive beyond midterm and into 2024. "
EU leaders have been publicly optimistic, welcoming the survival of multilateralism - but their doubts extend beyond the scars of the Trump years. The foreign policy of the Biden administration has sent mixed signals, marked by some missteps and uncertainty over key policy areas such as China , thanks to lengthy reviews, said former US officials and diplomatic sources.
"America 's partners are still under shock of what happened under Trump "said Harry Broadman, former senior US official and directorGeneral of B Erkeley Research Group. "But some messages from Biden were also disjointed.
MID-CLASS FOREIGN POLICY
Just a handful of concrete international policies have emerged nearly five months since taking office, while Biden's decisions to push for the 'Buy America ' provisions support a waiver of rights to intellectual property at the World Trade Organization with little consultation with other members, and set an aggressive tible for withdrawal from Afghanistan has pissed off the allies.
Biden said all US troops would leave Afghanistan before 9/11, a key date marking the start of America's longest war two decades ago. U.S. officials have said they will complete the pullout before then.
The timeline forced the allies to scramble to keep up, several Western diplomats said, adding that they saw the move as designed for domestic consumption.
Biden and his top diplomat, Secretary of State Antony Ben, have repeatedly said that US foreign policy should benefit America first and foremost. middle class.
To many European governments, that sounds like a euphemism for Trump's isolationist motto "America First ". "America first will remain, without a doubt, " said a Western diplomatic source.
A senior European diplomat said that the most important factor again was having someone to work with in Washington: "After the last four years, that really matters.
AN AMERICANLESS DEMOCRATIC EU?
A major underlying concern for many foreign allies is fundamental, many experts say - their faith in American democracy is shaken.
Trump has peddled false claims for months that he won the November 3 and January 6 elections encouraged his supporters to march to the U.S. Capitol while lawmakers certify Biden's victory.
The riot , which led to the evacuation of the building and five deaths, stunned world leaders.
Jamie Shea, a former senior NATO official now at the Friends ofel 'Europe in Brussels, told Hfrance.fr that he feared the next US president might be another Trump-like leader.
"So I believe we have four years, " he said, "we have a limited time frame with this pro-European administration, to cement a strong transatlantic economic and security partnership.
Biden's Democratic Party has a very slim majority in the US Congress, making it difficult to vote s legislation and reset international goals. The Republican Party has come together to oppose its program.
In a landmark deal, G7 finance ministers approved the plan US Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen to pursue a minimum tax rate of at least 15% and allow countries to tax 100 large, high-profit corporations. The princThe Republicans in the Senate immediately rejected the deal.
"This shows the difficulty of getting anything done in such a
While residents of 12 European and Asian countries still regard the United States as a fairly reliable partner " ", A Pew Research Center survey released Thursday found that few believe that American democracy in its current state sets a good example of democratic values.
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