Windsurfing - Quick guide
Windsurfing - Presentation
Windsurfing is one of the games of world's most popular races that offer you both thrilling excitement and thrilling experience. Although the origin of the sport is in Pennsylvania, United States, many countries participate in the sport with interest. This sport is fun, exciting and exciting at the same time.
The history of windsurfing dates back to 1948, when Newman Darby, a 20 year old American, created a floating board, which looked more like a personal watercraft with two hulls in parallel. He mounted a sail on it.
In 1964, he invented a universal joint, which he used to connect the mast of the rigging to the board, which now had a centreboard, a centreboard and a sail-shaped kite. This was the start of the chapter in windsurfing history that many consider to be the true birth of the plan.sailing.
In this water sport, the surfer needs to get on a board of 2.5 to 3 meters and race with other windsurfers. The surfer whose board first touches the finish line is declared the winner. Both men and women can participate in this sport.
Windsurfing - Bodies of regulations
All rules and regulations of windsurfing are governed by the International Sailing Federation (ISF). However, each country has its own governing body which acts under the aegis of the ISF: To the slightest difference, most governing bodies have common rules. To promote, protect and represent the interests of UK windsurfers, an institution called the UK Windsurfing Association (UKWA) is working.
Yet another national governing body of the United Kingdom, the Royal Yachting Association (RYA) works to promote and regulate thissome water sports.
Types of windsurfing
There are two types of windsurfing which are i Included in the championships -
In this type of surfing, a huge indoor swimming pool is built. Powerful fans are installed to propel the boards along the pool. The fans create wind. Organized competitions include slalom style races, show jumping and more.
Indoor windsurfing competitions are organized mainly in Europe during winter. One of the best known, the PWA / UKWA Indoor Windsurfing World Championships take place during the annual London Boat Show at the Excel Exhibition Center in London in January.
Windsurfing for young people
Windsurfing is so popular around the world that people of different age groups are interested in the sport. Young children and young older adultsfrom 5 to 18 years old can also participate in Jeunesse. Windsurfing is suitable for children as young as 5 years old, with several brands of boards and sails producing "Kids Rigs " to provide these kids windsurfers.
In some countries, some organizations exist to allow entry into sport in a semi-formal or club-style environment (RYA Team 15 program). If the kids want to get more involved in the race, they can join the RYA 'zone team.
Windsurfing - Participating countries
Windsurfing is one of the water sports. Since its inception, the popularity and demand for this game by different nations has increased exponentially. Many Asian and non-Asian countries actively participate in this category of games. Countries like Germany, Australia, Argentina, France, Japan and the United States have a dominant effect on other countries in this game.
The following table shows the last five championships organized with their host cities.
| Year || Host country || City |
| 2015 ||Oman||Muscat|
|2014 || Spain || Santander |
| 2013 || Brazil || Bouzios |
| 2012 || Spain || Cadiz |
| 2011 || Australia || Perth |
Windsurfing - Equipment
When it comes to learning an extreme sport, the participant should know what equipment is needed for the sport. There are a few amenities for the actual game as well as a few for player safety. Let's see in brief, what equipment is needed for windsurfing -
The surfboardThe surf is a recumbent board that you stand on, and has one or more fins and fins (on some models) underwater. It is 2.5 to 3 meters long.
The panels are made of expanded polystyrene foam, epoxy, fiberglass, PVC or carbon sandwich. Lighter boards are good for Wave and Speed windsurfers while beginners should start with heavier and larger boards.
It consists of a sail, a mast and a boom. The boom is the bit you hang onto and the mast is used as a support. A cord must pass from the boom to the bottom of the mast, this is the ascent and is used to raise the sail.
It protects the surfer's head from any minor to fatal injuries that could occur during sport.
They protect your eyes from direct sunlight as well as from reflected lightby water. Wearing sunglasses helps prevent straining your eyes from the light and wind.
They protect your toes and feet from the possibility of bruises or scratches.
This is a tight fitting outfit that makes you feel comfortable in the water. It is made of expanded neoprene, which keeps the body warm.
It 'sa lightweight life jacket that you should wear during sports to prevent you from drowning. the water.
Windsurfing - Play environment
The board sailing is a competitive sport As this water sport depends on the wind element, this sport is mainly practiced in the area of large natural bodies of water.
Windsurfing in the open air
In the outdoor version, windsurfing takes place in huge bodies of water such as the sea or large lakes surrounded by nature.
It is obligatoryatoire for the Net surfer to use the safety equipment because the risk incurred in this version of the sport is more important. All the elements of the game are therefore natural. This version is more demanding.
A few years ago, it was impossible to indulge in this sport unless you hit a large body of water. Windsurfing can also be an indoor activity today. It can be played in a large tank which looks like a swimming pool with fans installed next to it to create wind.
Windsurfing - Important terms
Here are some important terms used in windsurfing -
Abandonment - It is a race that the race committee withdraws. It sucks but can be misfired.
Clear aft and clear ahead - One boat is clear of another when her hull and equipment are normalailments are behind a line across the rearmost point of the other boat's hull and gear in normal position.
The other boat is free in front. They overlap when neither is clear from the back. However, they also overlap when a boat between them overlaps the two. These conditions always apply to boats on the same tack.
Fetching - A boat will look for a mark when it is able to switch to windwa rd of it and leave it on the required side without changing edges.
Finish - A boat ends when part of its hull, or its crew or equipment in normal position, crosses the line of 'arrival on the side of the course. However, she has not finished if after crossing the finish line she -
Interested party - A person who has a close personal interest in the decision.
Stay clear - A boat keeps clear of a right-of-way boat under the following conditions -
If the priority boat can follow its course without needing to take avoiding action.
When the boats overlap, if the right-of-way boat can also change course in both directions without making contact immediately.
Downwind and upwind - The leeward side of a boat is the side that away from the wind. The other side is its windward side.
Mark-Room - Room for a boat to leave a mark on the required side.
Obstruction - An object that a boat could not pass without substantially changing course, if it was sailing saynext to it and at one of its hull lengths. An object that can be passed safely from one side only and an area so designated by the sailing instructions are also obstacles.
Report - A postponed race is delayed before its scheduled start but can be started or abandoned later.
Race - A course that a boat would end as soon as possible in the absence of the other boats mentioned in the rule using the term. A boat does not have a suitable course before its signal to start.
Race - A boat races from her preparatory signal until she finishes and crosses the finish line and scores or withdraws, or until the race committee reports a recall, postponement or general retirement.
Room - The space a boat needs under the existing conditions, including the space to comply with its obligationswhile maneuvering quickly like a sailor.
How to windsurf?
Windsurfing is a game of balance, so understanding ways to stand on the surfboard and knowing the skills to stay afloat once in the water is very important to be a surfer. Let us discuss some of the basic steps that are supposed to be practiced before getting into serious surfing.
Preparation for windsurfing
Wear a wetsuit, shoes, life jacket and helmet.
Place a whistle in the pocket of the rescue coat.
Keep your personal flotation device with you.
Check the condition of the boat, board, rig and related equipment.
How to windsurf
Push the board upin deep water, until the fin is clear of the bottom.
Get an idea of the direction of the wind.
Depending on the direction of the wind, decide how you need to move, because it is completely a game of sailing with using the wind.
Maneuver the board so that the sail is downwind of the board.
Swim or walk to the windward side and climb on the board - elegance is not necessary.
Stay on your knees and catch the upstroke, without set sail again.
Fold lightlynt the knees and pull the sail out of the water with the high vang, hand in hand as if to pull a rope.
Try to keep your back and body slightly straight. If you feel that your lower back is starting to hurt, you are leaning too much.
Grab the mast with both hands and let it swing. This is called the safety or control position: full control with almost no power. After that, wind power will take care of everything.
Practice steering (called Center of Effort Steering) in the “safe” position.
With the mast up, tilt it to the left. Your body must transfer this imbalance (the center of effort of the sail is not balanced with the center of lateral resistance of the board) to the board and turn the board (or turn) clockwise. 'a watch.
Tilt the mast to the right et the board will turn (or turn) counterclockwise (anti-clockwise). The stronger the wind and the more you lean, the faster the board will turn (or turn). In a strong breeze you may be sailing very slowly at this point. Another deion of the direction is that when you tilt the mast towards the stern, the board will point towards the wind.
Note which side the bow of the board is in relation to you, and place your lower hand on the boom so that the mast directs the sail towards the bow (forward).
When you feel ready, transfer the other hand to the boom.
Don't let the sail pull you down - the mast should be perpendicular to the board, so lean back and keep your arms straight. This is called number 7, and it should tell you the posture.
Pull with the rear hand (rear hand) to speed up - let it out to slow down.
Keep your feet behind the mast foot and the toes of the front foot facing forward.
Relax. If you must stop, return to the safety position or drop the ramp if it is safe to do so.
Make sure it passes in front of you, and keep it mind that you will be very tired if you have to keep picking it up
Tilt the mast from the safe position towards the stern to turn the nose of the board upwind (behind you) or towards the bow to tack downwind (in front of you).
Go around the mast, as the nose goes to the other side Now you can sail!
This principle also works when sailing - tilt the mast forward and backward using the boom to adjust your heading .
Windsurfing - Performance techniques
A windsurfing board will move according to wind conditions and the skill or intentions of the surfer , in two entirely different ways with two different displacements as shown below -
Windsurfing performance in sailing conditions
These conditions occur when there are winds Lightweight (less than 12 knots or so), the board moves through the water - much like a sailboat - using an extendable center panel and fin for stability and lateral resistance.
Directional control - It is achieved by moving the rig either forward (turning away from the wind) or backwards (turning towards the wind).
Fall recovery - It is achieved when you get on the board, grab the pull rope, make sure the mast foot is between ntwo feet, pull the sail to about a third of the water, and let the wind turn the sail-board combination.
Windsurfing Perform Under planning conditions
These conditions occur when there are strong winds (over about 12 knots). Typically at this point a harness is worn in order to use the body to more effectively counter the force in the sail.
Directional control - It is mainly achieved by putting the pressure of the rider's weight on the left or right edge of the board. The jibing is done at full speed and the pressure is released from the sail as the board speed turns downwind, allowing the sail to be gybed.
Fall Recovery - When the winds are too strong to pull the sail out of the water while standing on the board, the surfer must "start" the board. Sometimes a surfer becomes incapableable to start the water, if the wind has died down and the sail becomes too small to lift the rider out of the water.
Windsurfing - Rules
In order to be able to judge the performance of the players, each part is bound by certain rules on how it should be played. Let us discuss the basic rules regarding windsurfing.
Fees and exemptions
Here are some rules regarding fees and exemptions -
It 's one of the most important aspects of all windsurfing sports. Because this money is used to protect the people who play this water game. In addition to this, the money is also used for the insurance purposes of the participants.
Each participant must sign a legal document certifying that he is playing this game under his will.
Here are some rules regarding marshalling:
The marshalling The area is near the dock and a muster officer is always present.
Only game participants and their leader Corresponding team are allowed access to the staging area.
Fees typically range from a few hundred dollars to a thousand dollars per event.
Windsurfing - Rules of the game
Here are some very important rules about windsurfing -
When surfers break a rule, they will quickly take a penalty, which can be a retreat.
A boat or a surfer must give all the help possible to any person or boat in danger.
A surfer must comply with the anti-doping rules of the world, the rules of the World Anti-Doping Agency and the anti-doping regulations of the World Anti-Doping Agency. 'ISF.
Windsurfing - Championships
The FederationInternational Sailing (ISF) is the governing body of the windsurfing race. Each participating country has its own governing body to organize the game successfully throughout the calendar year. Here is the list of some important tournaments in this category -
Olympic Windsurfing Class - It uses 'One Design 'boards, with all sailors using the same boards, daggerboards, daggerboards and sails.
Formula Windsurfing Class - Windsurf boards are ISF controlled with a maximum width of 1 meter.
Race Board Class It uses longer windsurf boards with a centreboard and movable mast rail.
Slalom - It 'sa high speed race. Slalom boards are small and narrow and require high winds.
Big Air - This is a competition to see who can register the jump orthe highest maneuver. A 3D accelerometer is worn to measure and record the heights of the jumps.
Figure of Eight - Throughout the course the sailor should be on a beam span with two floating marks that should be moved around.
Downwind - More than two marks are set and sailors follow a course downwind - jibe around each mark only once.
Super X - It 'sa new discipline in windsurfing competitions, a cross between freestyle and slalom.
Speed Sailing - It takes the average of the two best speeds of each sailor on the 500m course.
Free Style - The surfer who has the greatest repertoire or manages to complete most stunts wins. Freestyle is all about the show and competitors are judged on their creativity. The difficulty and lThe number
Wave - Bearing some similarities to freestyle, wave sailing has been a part of the sport for much longer (indeed, modern freestyle started, in essence, like sailing on waves without waves). Wave sailing took off during the rapid development of windsurfing on the Hawaiian islands of Oahu and Maui.
Windsurfing - Champions
The following surfers are considered to have given an extraordinary performance.
One of the first windsurfing champions to gain international fame, he dominated the early years of competition in the 1970s and 1980s. Pre-PWA World Champion from 1976 to 1979, PWA World Champion from 1983 to 1987, and PWA Wave World Champion in 1988, 1989 and 1991. Born in 1963, this living legend pushes the boundaries of the board even further.e sail by trying new movements like “Table Top Push Loop”.
It was the first to put a windsurf sail on a surfboard and sail on Maui's famous Hookipa Beach in 1979. Mike also hosted Maui's premier professional sailing and wave slalom event in 1981, which became the base for windsurfing around the world, and Maui has become the sports mecca both as a design center and training ground for professionals. On the other side of the camera, he is director of photography.
He moved to Maui in 1980, and was the first to perfo rmez an aerial loop, which was considered impossible by many. The maneuver opened the door to a variety of aerial loop variations, including the push loop and double rotations. Boyd innovated and patented the ground version ofe windsurfing. He also created the Boyd Boom, a motorized sailing device, which became his other patent. While innovation was his main focus, Boyd has beaten world champion Ken Winner on several occasions in international competitions.
Mark Angulo and Elena Pompei
An avid windsurfing couple from Maui are now staying in Florida. Mark started to love windsurfing when he moved from Oahu, Hawaii, and moved to Maui at age 17 years old. Mark has a board building business. The couple spend much of the day windsurfing. Elena is not only a great windsurfer but also a businesswoman, a swimwear designer and maintainer of around 7,000 palm trees.The couple are known as the King and Queen of Hookipa, USA.