With the rapid spread of the Delta variant and the slowdown in the pace of vaccinations, France and now Italy have chosen to turn to a new tool: ordering people looking to enter most public places - including restaurants, cinemas and sports venues - to provide health pass.
To participate in public life, residents of these countries must prove that they have been vaccinated or tested negative within the last 48 hours.
The full deployment in France has not yet started and Italy just announced their decision on Thursday, so it's hard to know how it will work in practice or what impact it will have.
But the mere announcement of the new measure in France led to a rush of people getting vaccinated.
More than 3.7 million people made an appointment for the first injection the week after the country's President, Emmanuel Macron, announced the plan in a speech on July 12. Almost 50% of the population is now fully vaccinated.
The move also sparked backlash, as more than 100,000 people marched through the streets last weekend to protest what they say is too far reaching government.
Yet as the United States faces its own spike in coronavirus cases from the Delta variant, local, state and federal governments are looking for ways to increase vaccine use.
A national pol It would be difficultdifficult for the United States to rely on vaccination status to contain behavior. The country's approach to the pandemic has always been very decentralized. From mask mandates to testing requirements, there has never been a universal federal policy that has been mandated in all 50 states. Likewise, America has no nationally recognized standard proof of vaccination.
The European Union, on the other hand , recently unveiled a “Digital Green Pass”, which shows a person's immunization status. It is recognized by all the nations of the bloc and has already facilitated movement between nations, allowing vaccination status to play a role in entry restrictions.
In Britain, where Prime Minister Boris Johnson recently reversed what had been a tough stance against requiring people to prove their medical condition to enter social and social places.ultural, there is a nationally recognized application from the National Health Service that can be used to quickly check immunization status.
But there is fierce political resistance the idea of adopting mandatory rules around a health pass for social and cultural life in the UK. Even Mr Johnson's mere suggestion has sparked outrage from many lawmakers and is unlikely to be considered until September, when all adults have had a chance to get the shot.
For months, US states and local governments have offered a variety of incentives to get people to shoot. Colorado and Oregon were among the states offering million dollar lottery prizes to people who got the jab. Big and small prizes - including free beer in Erie County, NY and dinner with the Governor of New Jersey - has prompted some to get vaccinated, but the pace has slowed just as the Delta variant spreads.
Attempted mandates by the private sector have been challenged in court.
A federal judge has confirmed the 'University vaccination requiremente of Indiana, rejecting the students 'arguments that the mandate was unconstitutional.
The CDC ' s attempt to impose warrants on it. The cruise industry is now being challenged in federal court after the state of Flor ida challenged the rules.
Even the efforts of private hospitals to demand that health workers getting vaccinated have been contested.
But while a national policy similar to those being deployed in France and now in Italy can be unlikely, it remains to be seen whether states will seek to find their own ways to increase vaccination rates - not through the prospect of price but with threats to make life more difficult for those who do not want to be vaccinated.