The Trump administration has called the Council of 47 Nations a hypocrite and said it defames Israel. Biden administration says the United States can be moreeffective as a member.
The United States regained a seat on the Human Rights Council on Thursday the United Nations man, who has class = "css-1g7m0tk the Trump administration dropped out in 2018 due to what it called bodily hypocrisy and anti-Israel prejudice.
In seeking to join the 47-member Council, the Biden administration, which took a much more favorable stance on the United Nations than its predecessor, argued that American interests would be better served if the United States was a member seeking change from within.
The United States won a three-year term for any of the 18 open seats on the board, as of January, by a vote of the General Assembly of 193 members.
Based in Geneva, the council is considered the most important human rights body in the world. Although it has no enforcement or criminal sanction powers, the council can undertake investigations that help shape the global image of countries. It may also influence their behavior if they are deemed to have a bad rights record.
But the board has a wide range of critics who argue that many of its elected members are themselves human rights violators, citing examples such as China, Russia, Cuba and Venezuela. The presence of these countries on the board, say critics, undermines the legitimacy of its work.
Many also oppose a standing point of order the day of the council on human rights violations in the Palestinian territories, which becameu the basis for his many resolutions condemning Israel.
The Biden administration 's success in joining the council can now test its stated purpose to strengthen American human rights advocacy around many conservative Republicans have opposed re-membership, and there is no guarantee that the United States will not withdraw from the council again, if a Republican wins the White House in 2024.
Secretary of State Antony J. Ben, announcing the intention of the Biden administration in last February to regain a seat on the board, recognized what he called his challenges, "including unacceptable prejudices against Israel and membership rules that allow countries with records human rights to take seats they do not deserve. " Image Secretary of State Antony J. Ben addressed the United Nations Human Rights Council by video message last year. Credit ... United Nations, via Agence France-Presse - Images
But he said that "improving the board and advancing critical work is best done with a seat at the table." "
As to highlight the challenges cited by Mr. Ben, several countries with poor or questionable human rights records have also won council seats on Thursday, including Camer oon, Eritrea, the Arab Emirates unis and Honduras.
With its return to the Human Rights Council, the Biden administration has yet again reversed the movements of its predecessor towards the American isolationism.
President Biden re-launched United States membership in the World Health Organization, reinstated Paris climate agreement and reinstated the funding of UN agencies that had been cut. These agencies include the United Nations Population Fund, a major provider of maternal health and family planning services, and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, which assists Palestinians classified as refugees. .
As part of the voting system for open seats on the Human Rights Council, the lists of candidates are
This year, however, the number of candidates of each region equal to the number of open seats in that region, which means that none of the seats were contested. Rights groups outside the United Nations have called this part of the problem.
"The lack of competition in this year's Council vote of human rights makes fun of the word "election". , '” Louis Charbonneau , the UN director at Human Rights Watch, said in a statement beforevote. “The election of serious human rights abusers like Cameroon, Eritrea and the United Arab Emirates. sends a terrible signal that UN member states do not take seriously the Council's core mission of protecting human rights.
Other newly elected or re-elected members included Gambia, Benin and Somalia from the African group; Qatar, Kazakhstan, India and Malaysia from the Asian group; Argentina and Paraguay from the Latin America and Caribbean group; Luxembourg and Finland from the western group; and Lithuania and Montenegro from the Eastern Europe group.