Wrestling - Quick guide
Wrestling - Presentation
Wrestling is a physical sport combat. It is one of the most exhausting sports, both mentally and physically and that is probably the reason why this moment gives immense pleasure when you win a fight in this game. This game requires not only good physical condition, but also unbreakable confidence and character which defines true sportsmanship.
A Brief History
The ancient drawings on the caves date back to 3000 BC. Wrestling was introduced to the Olympic Games in 708 BC. In the early 1990s, the Freestyle format was introduced in wrestling where an individual is allowed to hold his opponent above or below his waist using his arms and legs. The game has achieved immense popularity in the United States and Great Britain. Brittany.
Much like freestyle, Greco-Roman was another style of wrestling which was also popularized but unlike the sFree style, wrestlers could use their arms and upper body and could hold only those parts of their opponents. Previously, ten categories were used to present in the Greco-Roman style. Later in the 2004 Olympics, a change was made which limited 8 categories.
Wrestling - Objective
The objective of every wrestler is to pin the opponent and establish his superiority without violence. In doing so, wrestlers will perform various techniques such as dismantling, joint locks, pins and grappling hooks.
The judges award points for each successful shot to pin your opponent. The team with the most points at the end of the match is declared the winner.
Wrestling - Regulatory Bodies
An international governing body called United World Wrestling (UWW) is for the sport of wrestling. It was formerly known as the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Styles or in French, Féinternational federation of associated struggles (FILA).
She oversees wrestling at the Olympics. He presides over international competitions for various forms of wrestling, including Greco-Roman and freestyle wrestling for men and women. uww establishes rules regulations organizes international competitions in the following styles -
- Greco-Roman wrestling
- Freestyle wrestling (men and women 's)
- Beach wrestling
- Amateur wrestling
- Shot put
- UWW hosts flagship championship event of the wrestling world.
Wrestling - Participating countries
Wrestling has been present at the Olympic Games since its creation. Since its introduction to the Olympics, the popularity and demand for this game by different nations has increased exponentially. Many Asian and non-Asian countries actively participate in this game category.
Some of the Asian countriesDominants participating in the fight are Japan, Iran, India, Uzbekistan and South Korea. In the 2014 Asian Games, Yogeshwar Dutt from India won the gold medal in the men's 65 kg freestyle category and Rio Watari of Japan won gold medals in women. 63 Kg freestyle category respectively.
Likewise, many non-Asian countries have shown their talents in events like the Summer Olympics. Countries like Russia, USA and Azerbaijan dominate the competitions. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, Jordan Burroughs of the United States won gold in the men's 74 kg freestyle category, while Natalia Vorobieva of Russia , won gold in the women's 72 kg freestyle category, respectively.
Wrestling - Equipment
Wrestling is the low-key game when it comes to the number of special equipment. The wrestlers face each othertent in the area that can withstand the shocks of their actions. The wrestlers enter the playing area hands free.
The wrestling mat is the main equipment required in the game. The mat is designed in such a way that it protects the wrestlers and enforces the rules for each style. Wrestling mats come in different versions such as high school mats, training mats and international mats.
Carpet Regulatory International Wrestling
Mat dimensions must be in uniform and meet the International Federation of Associated Wrestling Style Guidelines (FILA).
Mats cannot be used for more than one year
An official must approve each mat before a competition.
The thickness of the mats should be between 5 and 7 centimeters with a core of high density shock absorbing foam.
The surface of the mat must be vinyl non-abrasif which is easy to clean and prevents slipping.
Square-shaped rugs should be 12 meters X 12 meters.
Octagonal-shaped rugs must have a diameter of 15 meters.
The wrestling jersey is a one-piece garment that covers the wrestler's torso. For shoulder protection, shoulder straps are provided on top.
The jersey is in Lycra or Nylon. It is compulsory to wear it if the wrestler participates in tournaments. A particular team wears a jersey of one color.
Wrestling headgear isn 't an essential, but it is quite necessary to wear a headgear if you are playing in a higher level match where it can get more physical.There is a one size helmet available which can fit all with adjustment straps.
Headwear is designed to protect the wrestler's ears. Without a headgear, a wrestler can suffer from a "cauliflower ear" which occurs afterSomeone receives repeated blows in the ear. Wrestlers are likely to have a cauliflower ear because their ears can get knocked out during a match. These blows can damage the shape and structure of the outside of the ear.
The shoes should be very soft and light. This is because the wrestler needs to feel light during the match. Unless you are playing for very long hours, this is also not a mandatory item to invest in.
Wrestling knee pads and mouth guards
Knee pads are used for knee protection. During the shooting process most wrestlers injure their knees, so this is a critical part.
On the other hand, mouth guards are used to protect the wrestler's teeth during the match. They are like braces that the wrestler wears inside his mouth.
In general, two types of stripes are used in a match: red and green. A wrestler receives a band rouge and another one green. These should be placed on the wrestler's ankle.
The bands make it easier for the referee to identify and score the wrestler. The referee has these two types of bands with him wrapped around his wrists.
Wrestling - Play environment
Wrestling is an indoor sport. In addition to the area allocated for the wrestling match and viewers, the playing environment involves a jury of three officials -
Referee - The referee controls the action in the center and blows the whistle e to start and stop the action.
Judge - He sits next to the mat to note the score and give occasional approval to the referee's request on
Mat Chairman - The mat chairman sits at the scoring table and keeps time. He is responsible for declaring technical superiority and overseeing the work of the areferee and judge. To trigger a fall, two of the three officials must agree.
Wrestling - Important terms
Before you start playing this game, you should understand its frequently used terms. discuss some of the basic terms that we will encounter frequently in a wrestling game.
Action - It is the order from the referee to the wrestlers to start the fight.
Control of the arms - Control of the arms of the opponent.
Arm Throw - A move in which a wrestler throws their opponent over their shoulder while holding the opponent's arm.
Base - This is a good wrestling position where the wrestler lies on his hand and knees rather than on his back or stomach.
Bridge - This is a position where the wrestler prevents their back from touching the mat.
Bridge out - This movement is used to bridge outapper to the opponent. The wrestler rolls onto his stomach from a bridge.
Breakdown - This is the movement where one wrestler tries to put another wrestler on the mat on his stomach or side.
Tip - A wrestling fight is a physical competition, between two (sometimes more) competitors or training partners, who try to win and maintain a superior position.
Tightening - This is a process of locking the arms around the opponent. The opponent must control his arms, hands and wrists against the tightening.
Default - This is to announce the winner when the opponent is so badly injured that he cannot not play the match or he does not appear for the fight when his name is summoned.
Decision - This term means winning a game by 1-7 points.
Disqualification - If a wrestler breaksthe rules of the match, he is disqualified.
Escape - If a wrestler breaks the rules of the match, he is disqualified.
Pin - The process in which one forces the other's shoulder on the mat.
Inversion - This is a move in which the wrestler who is under another takes control of his opponent. This type of movement recovers the wrestler two points.
Dead end - When such a situation arises that neither wrestler can improve their positions, the match starts over from the line starting point. This is called the dead end.
Freestyle - This is a type of wrestling where the wrestler is allowed to keep his opponent above or below his waist by using their arms, bodies and legs.
Folkstyle - The process is the same as freestyle with a greater focus on thee control.
Greco-Roman - A very popular style of wrestling in which the wrestler can use their upper body and arms to hold or attack the same part of his opponent.
Illegal holding - At any time during the match if one wrestler pushes another with great force that exceeds the tolerable limit or performs any action that interferes with the opponent's normal breathing process, then this is called illegal grip.
Major Decision - This is a process of winning a game by 8-14 points.
Imminent fall - This is a position where one shoulder of the wrestler touches the mat and another exceeds the 45 degree angle, or if both shoulders are positioned within the 4 inch area of the mat.
Neutral position - This is the position where both wrestlers lost their controls. Therefore; from this position, the fighturs try to get down.
Takedown - To gain control by putting your opponent on the ground from a standing position is called withdrawal. This action earns the wrestler two points.
Wrestling - How to play?
Wrestling is the power and strategy fighting game. Wrestlers must anticipate the opponent's upcoming moves and respond to them with an equally powerful movement. The wrestlers enter the playing area and enter the central circle marked on the mat. Let's see some basic wrestling movements employed while playing -
Half Nelson and Crotch
This is one of the simple but important movements in wrestling. The main part of this movement is the crotch which is barred in Greco-Roman wrestling. Here's how to do it
Initially, put your hand on your opponent's back. Move it forward.
At that time, your opponent will try to protect himself from falling toes.
Now push your right hand through her legs for a crotch grip.
As soon as he tries to turn, slip your left arm under his left hand and perform the half nelson and crotch combination.
Scissors on the body
Here's how -
Put your opponent on the mat and secure them by rolling them under your body.
Perform a half-nelson by suddenly pushing his head to his left side. During this time, the opponent will try to resist.
Jump so that he slips between your legs.
Roll over him as shown in the image below.
Adjust the feet in the manner of the vine and you will get a sure hit fall.
Support bar and additional arm
Here's how -
If you are present on the left side of the wrestler, secureanother arm grip by pulling around his left arm.
Hold the head firmly and hold the bar under your opponent's left arm with the right.
Perform an upward movement of the bar followed by a forward pulling action with another grip. This action will force the opponent to club himself in such a position that his weight will be carried on his chest.
With this action, the displacement of his grip occurs, followed by an immediate fall to the ground.
Toe and ankle support
This movement can be well secured when the wrestler is on the mat -
While working on the right side, pull the left foot of the defensive grappler up.
Holding the toe, slide under his right leg.
To complete the hold before the fielder stands up, place your right hand under him and grab the trapped left ankle.
This process will give less pain and the opponent will gladly give up.
The ideal time to apply the headlock is when your opponent is kneeling on the mat. This position is suitable because in this case the hand is locked with the head.
Here's how to proceed -
If you are present on the right side of your opponent , push his head down, resting the left arm heavily on the head.
Now try to get inside your opponent's right arm
Catch your own left hand just below the wrist.
Now securely lock its head by pulling it towards your arm. This renders the defensive player helpless and with a little effort he can be forced onto the mat.
If you want to change the handle, then this is the best move for Here is how to do it -
- If you are present on the right side of the opponent, placeyour left hand under his right arm.
- On the other hand, place your right hand on the opponent's back head, palm down.
- Try to grab your own right wrist with your left hand and then apply pressure.
Wrist lock and vine grip of arms and legs
Go for this movement when your opponent is on top of you. When you face such a situation -
- Grasp your opponent's left wrist with your right hand.
- Make the arm vine by circling your left arm.
- Grapevine the attacker's left leg with your own left leg.
- Now with a twist vineyard, you can bring your opponent to the mat.
Wrestling - Rules
In wrestling, a pin (or drop) is when you bring your opponent down on their back with part of both shoulders or both shoulder blades. Your opponent's back or any part of the body mentioned above must remain in contact with thecarpet for at least two seconds.
If no one is pinned, the wrestler who has scored the most points during the match is declared the winner. Let's see the rules regarding points and I Illegal actions on the mat -
Wrestling - Weighting of points
There are several ways to score points of the following weighting in a wrestling match legally -
Withdrawal (2 points)
Escape (1 point)
Cancellation (2 points)
Near Fall (2 pints if lasts 2 seconds or 3 points if lasts 5 seconds)
Penalty points (1 or 2 points)
Wrestling rules concerning illegal catches
The referee may penalize you for -
Grab the jersey, mat or headwear.
Hands blocked or stacked: if you are down on the carpetWhile at the controls of your opponent, you cannot lock or overlap your hands, fingers or arms around your opponent's body or both legs unless -
You have met the criteria for a pin near your opponent.
Your opponent stands up and has his full weight on two feet.
You have lifted the opponent off the mat.
Wrestling rules regarding technical violations
The referee can sanction in case of violation of the following rules -
Get out of the mat or force your opponent out of the mat to avoid a fight.
Leaving the mat during the match without the permission of the referee.
Report to mat not properly equipped or not ready to wrestle, or with illegal equipment at the time of the start of the match.
Bring needless roughness into the game.
Behavedre in an indecent or unsportsmanlike manner.
Incorrect starting position or false start
The first and second time are penalized, your opponent receives a point . The third time you are penalized, your opponent gets two points. The fourth time you are penalized, you are disqualified.
The rules of the different styles of wrestling in the Olympic Games and international championships are different.
Wrestling - Scoring
As you begin to practice this combat sport, you should become aware of the different scoring and signaling techniques used by referees. You should also know the categories of wrestling championships.
The following table lists the points awarded for different cases in a match -
| Case || Points |
| Escape || 1 point |
| Stall || 1 point (after 1 warning ) |
| Technical violation || 1 point |
| Withdrawal || 2 points |
| Cancellation || 2 points |
| Imminent fall (injury) || 4 points |
| Imminent fall (2 s) || 2 points |
| Imminent fall (5 sec ) || 3 points |
The following table lists the different cases of points for the team -
| Case || Points |
| Fall (Pin) || 6 points |
| Tech Fall (15+ points margin) || 5 points |
| Major decision (8-14 points Match margin) || 4 points |
| Decision (Major point match 1-7) || 3 points |
| Major decision (margin 8-14 points) || 4 points |
Wrestling - Champions
Each country participant has its own governing body to organize the game successfully throughout the schedule. Here is a list of some important tournaments in this category.
- Asian Games
- Olympic Games
- World Championships
- Commonwealth Games
- Continental Championships
- Mediterranean Championships
Depending on the weight of the wrestler, the terms used are as follows -
| Weight || Term |
| 115 pounds (52 kg) || Flyweight |
| 139 lbs (63 kg) || Featherweight |
| 150 lbs (68 kg) || Lightweight |
| 161 pounds (73 kg) || Super light |
| 170 pounds (77 kg) || Welterweight |
| 181 pounds (82 kg) || Super welterweight |
| 192 pounds (87 kg) || Midweight |
| 203 pounds (92 kg) || Super average weight |
| 214 pounds (97 kg) || Weight light heavy |
| 231 pounds (105 kg) || Junior heavyweight / heavyweight |
| 105 minimum kg (231 pounds) || Heavyweight |
Wrestling - Hall of Fame
Many wrestlers have left and continue to leave their mark on various international championships and tournaments.
Popularly known as 'Yogi', this Indian wrestler comes from the 'State of Haryana, in northern India. He won the gold medal in a 65 kg freestyle event in the 2014 Asian games despite the trauma of his father’s death 10 days before the games.
Yogeshwar also won a gold medal at the 2003 Commonwealth Games. He is the recipient of the prestigious 2012 Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.rneated by the Indian government.
She is a Russian wrestler born in Tulun, Soviet Union. She is world champion, 2013 finalist and 2013 bronze medalist. She also holds a number of youth titles.
Natalia had a huge fondness for wrestling and entered the power sport at the age of 10. Her mother inspired her to take up this sport. . To date, she is a well-known sportswoman in wrestling, the game that dominates men.
Arthur is an Ossetian-Uzbek wrestler and the most decorated Olympian in Uzbekistan. He is from Tashkent. He decided to wrestle at the age of 11 years old, when a freestyle wrestling club was opened in his village.
He participated in the London 2012 Olympic Games, the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the Athens Olympic Games in 2004 in which he was awarded gold medal in freestyle wrestling 120 kg.
At the Asian Games held in 2000, 2006 and 2010, Arthur received gold medals in freestyle wrestling from 130 kg.
Armen is a Greco-Rom wrestlerArmenian ain who represented Bulgaria. He won the European Championship six times in 1994, 1995, 1998, 1999, 2002 and 2003. He won the title of world champion three times (in 2002, 2003 and 2005).
Armen also has two Olympic titles to his credit. He was recognized by FILA as the best fighter of the year in 1998 and 2003. He was named coach of the year for all sports in Bulgaria in 2013.
This World Championships gold medal winner is from a Hindu Jaat family in Delhi, India. He started wrestling at the age of 14. He started wrestling take freestyle wrestling lessons at Chhatrassal Stadium Aakhada (Wrestling School).
He won two gold medals at the Commonwealth Games, once in the 66Kg class in Delhi in 2010 and another in the 74Kg category in Glasgow in 2014. He also won a silver medal at the London Olympics in 2012 and a bronze medal at the Beijing Olympics in 2008.