Wushu - Overview
Wushu - Presentation
The word Wushu comes from a combination of two Chinese words : Wu means "war" and Shu means "arts". Wushu is derived from Chinese martial arts. It is played in many styles; with weapons or with bare hands. The weapons used in the game are sword, broadsword, shortsword, straight sword, spear, and gadget. Wushu is played by two or more people.
This game has been around since the dawn of civilization. It has gradually developed over time. From the beginning itself, Wushu has been practiced around the world not only as a means of self-defense, but also to realize an individual's inner world. It is played so that viewers admire the body language of the players. It is believed that human-animal fighting techniques around this time formed the basis of this game.
Soon the popularity of this game spread to Japan, Korea and other countries in the Far East. The objecThe game 's initial purpose was to teach the person the real human spirit and then the techniques. Other clothes like belts, uniforms were added later to give it a formal sport form.
There are two important types of Wushu -
In this type of Wushu, the participants fight the with each other using Wushu movements.
It involves a set of hand, leg, sweep, jumps, postures and footwork choreographed and styled according to the principles of offense and defense.
Wushu - Objective
Wushu is played for a given duration in the presence of a team of judges and referees. The judges observe the performance all the time. They assign a score to an individual or a team based on the time taken, the errors made, the fluidity of movements, the synchronization of an entre participants in teamwork, maintaining good balance, followed or broken rules, and other important scoring measures.
It is performed either individually as a player or in a team of players. The player or team with the highest score is declared the winner.
The International Wushu Federation (IWUF) is an international sports organization established in Beijing, China on October 3, 1990 for the purpose of promoting competitive Wushu . The Federation has been actively working to make Wushu a demonstration game since 1992. The Federation also helps other federations around the world to organize Wushu competitions and events.
European Wushu Federation, Wushu Association of India, Pakistan Wushu Federation, are some of the regional regulatory bodies for Wushu sport.
Wushu - Participating countries
Wushu falls under thement of martial arts with graceful movements and a strong emphasis on their display. Since its introduction to the World Championships in 1991, the popularity and demand for this game by different nations has grown exponentially. Many Asian and non-Asian countries actively participate in this category of games. China, Malaysia, United States, Italy, and Vietnam are among the major dominant Asian countries.
The countries at the top of the medal list in Wushu are: China, Vietnam, Iran, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Russia.